[RFC] PCI: imx: Add multi-pd support

From: Leonard Crestez
Date: Tue Jul 24 2018 - 14:18:01 EST

On some chips the PCIE and PCIE_PHY blocks are in separate power domains
which can be power-gated independently. The driver needs to handle this
by keeping both domain active.

This is intended for imx6sx where PCIE is in DISPMIX and PCIE_PHY in
it's own domain. Defining the DISPMIX domain requires a way for pcie to
keep it active or it will break when displays are off.

The power-domains on imx6sx are meant to look like this:
power-domains = <&pd_disp>, <&pd_pci>;
power-domain-names = "pcie", "pcie_phy";

Signed-off-by: Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@xxxxxxx>

Right now if a device has a single power domain it will be activated
before probe but if it has multiple domains they need to be explicitly
"attached" to and controlled. Supporting both is a bit awkward, this
patch makes the distinction based on (dev->pm_domain != NULL).

Maybe the PM core should make this distinction based on a flag in struct
device_driver instead of number of power-domains? So by default when a
device has multiple power domains they would would be activated
together and this patch would be unnecessary.

This is marked as "RFC" mostly because I believe it should be handled
inside PM core, without driver code. Does this make sense to anyone else?

This is independent of recent patches adding suspend/resume support to
imx pci, but supporting suspend with multi-pd requires adding device
links, not just activating pds at probe time.

The device_link is marked as "STATELESS" because otherwise a warning is
triggered in device_links_driver_bound. This seems to happen because the
pd devices are always marked as "DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER". Maybe they should be
instead always be marked as DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND?

The imx pci driver doesn't support unbind or removal anyway so this is
not handled for multi-pd either.

Previously: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/7/10/230
drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 48 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c
index fc9529619469..7403918010e9 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c
@@ -25,10 +25,12 @@
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/reset.h>
+#include <linux/pm_domain.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>

#include "pcie-designware.h"

#define to_imx6_pcie(x) dev_get_drvdata((x)->dev)

@@ -57,10 +59,15 @@ struct imx6_pcie {
u32 tx_deemph_gen2_6db;
u32 tx_swing_full;
u32 tx_swing_low;
int link_gen;
struct regulator *vpcie;
+ /* power domain for pcie itself (dispmix) */
+ struct device *pd_pcie;
+ /* power domain for pcie phy */
+ struct device *pd_pcie_phy;

/* Parameters for the waiting for PCIe PHY PLL to lock on i.MX7 */
@@ -805,10 +812,47 @@ static int imx6_pcie_resume_noirq(struct device *dev)
static const struct dev_pm_ops imx6_pcie_pm_ops = {

+static int imx6_pcie_attach_pd(struct device *dev)
+ struct imx6_pcie *imx6_pcie = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ struct device_link *link;
+ /* Do nothing when in a single power domain */
+ if (dev->pm_domain)
+ return 0;
+ imx6_pcie->pd_pcie = dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(dev, "pcie");
+ if (IS_ERR(imx6_pcie->pd_pcie))
+ return PTR_ERR(imx6_pcie->pd_pcie);
+ link = device_link_add(dev, imx6_pcie->pd_pcie,
+ if (IS_ERR(link)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to add device_link to pcie pd: %ld\n", PTR_ERR(link));
+ return PTR_ERR(link);
+ }
+ imx6_pcie->pd_pcie_phy = dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(dev, "pcie_phy");
+ if (IS_ERR(imx6_pcie->pd_pcie_phy))
+ return PTR_ERR(imx6_pcie->pd_pcie_phy);
+ device_link_add(dev, imx6_pcie->pd_pcie_phy,
+ if (IS_ERR(link)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to add device_link to pcie_phy pd: %ld\n", PTR_ERR(link));
+ return PTR_ERR(link);
+ }
+ return 0;
static int imx6_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
struct dw_pcie *pci;
struct imx6_pcie *imx6_pcie;
@@ -945,10 +989,14 @@ static int imx6_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
imx6_pcie->vpcie = NULL;

platform_set_drvdata(pdev, imx6_pcie);

+ ret = imx6_pcie_attach_pd(dev);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
ret = imx6_add_pcie_port(imx6_pcie, pdev);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;

return 0;