[PATCH 4.17 322/336] tcp_bbr: fix bw probing to raise in-flight data for very small BDPs

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Wed Aug 01 2018 - 14:19:52 EST

4.17-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@xxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 383d470936c05554219094a4d364d964cb324827 ]

For some very small BDPs (with just a few packets) there was a
quantization effect where the target number of packets in flight
during the super-unity-gain (1.25x) phase of gain cycling was
implicitly truncated to a number of packets no larger than the normal
unity-gain (1.0x) phase of gain cycling. This meant that in multi-flow
scenarios some flows could get stuck with a lower bandwidth, because
they did not push enough packets inflight to discover that there was
more bandwidth available. This was really only an issue in multi-flow
LAN scenarios, where RTTs and BDPs are low enough for this to be an

This fix ensures that gain cycling can raise inflight for small BDPs
by ensuring that in PROBE_BW mode target inflight values with a
super-unity gain are always greater than inflight values with a gain
<= 1. Importantly, this applies whether the inflight value is
calculated for use as a cwnd value, or as a target inflight value for
the end of the super-unity phase in bbr_is_next_cycle_phase() (both
need to be bigger to ensure we can probe with more packets in flight

This is a candidate fix for stable releases.

Fixes: 0f8782ea1497 ("tcp_bbr: add BBR congestion control")
Signed-off-by: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Priyaranjan Jha <priyarjha@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
net/ipv4/tcp_bbr.c | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_bbr.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_bbr.c
@@ -354,6 +354,10 @@ static u32 bbr_target_cwnd(struct sock *
/* Reduce delayed ACKs by rounding up cwnd to the next even number. */
cwnd = (cwnd + 1) & ~1U;

+ /* Ensure gain cycling gets inflight above BDP even for small BDPs. */
+ if (bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_BW && gain > BBR_UNIT)
+ cwnd += 2;
return cwnd;