[PATCH 4.14 026/104] x86/speculation/l1tf: Increase 32bit PAE __PHYSICAL_PAGE_SHIFT

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Tue Aug 14 2018 - 13:34:41 EST

4.14-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

commit 50896e180c6aa3a9c61a26ced99e15d602666a4c upstream

L1 Terminal Fault (L1TF) is a speculation related vulnerability. The CPU
speculates on PTE entries which do not have the PRESENT bit set, if the
content of the resulting physical address is available in the L1D cache.

The OS side mitigation makes sure that a !PRESENT PTE entry points to a
physical address outside the actually existing and cachable memory
space. This is achieved by inverting the upper bits of the PTE. Due to the
address space limitations this only works for 64bit and 32bit PAE kernels,
but not for 32bit non PAE.

This mitigation applies to both host and guest kernels, but in case of a
64bit host (hypervisor) and a 32bit PAE guest, inverting the upper bits of
the PAE address space (44bit) is not enough if the host has more than 43
bits of populated memory address space, because the speculation treats the
PTE content as a physical host address bypassing EPT.

The host (hypervisor) protects itself against the guest by flushing L1D as
needed, but pages inside the guest are not protected against attacks from
other processes inside the same guest.

For the guest the inverted PTE mask has to match the host to provide the
full protection for all pages the host could possibly map into the
guest. The hosts populated address space is not known to the guest, so the
mask must cover the possible maximal host address space, i.e. 52 bit.

On 32bit PAE the maximum PTE mask is currently set to 44 bit because that
is the limit imposed by 32bit unsigned long PFNs in the VMs. This limits
the mask to be below what the host could possible use for physical pages.

The L1TF PROT_NONE protection code uses the PTE masks to determine which
bits to invert to make sure the higher bits are set for unmapped entries to
prevent L1TF speculation attacks against EPT inside guests.

In order to invert all bits that could be used by the host, increase
__PHYSICAL_PAGE_SHIFT to 52 to match 64bit.

The real limit for a 32bit PAE kernel is still 44 bits because all Linux
PTEs are created from unsigned long PFNs, so they cannot be higher than 44
bits on a 32bit kernel. So these extra PFN bits should be never set. The
only users of this macro are using it to look at PTEs, so it's safe.

[ tglx: Massaged changelog ]

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h | 9 +++++++--
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h
@@ -29,8 +29,13 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-/* 44=32+12, the limit we can fit into an unsigned long pfn */
+ * This is beyond the 44 bit limit imposed by the 32bit long pfns,
+ * but we need the full mask to make sure inverted PROT_NONE
+ * entries have all the host bits set in a guest.
+ * The real limit is still 44 bits.
+ */

#else /* !CONFIG_X86_PAE */