Re: [PATCH v4 2/4] kgdb: Fix kgdb_roundup_cpus() for arches who used smp_call_function()

From: Doug Anderson
Date: Mon Nov 26 2018 - 22:59:42 EST


On Wed, Nov 14, 2018 at 2:07 PM Will Deacon <will.deacon@xxxxxxx> wrote:
> > +void __weak kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> > +{
> > + kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> > +}
> I suppose you could pass the cpu as an argument, but it doesn't really
> matter.

I probably won't change it for now if it doesn't matter...

> Also, I think there are cases where the CSD callback can run without
> having received an IPI, so we could potentially up passing NULL for the regs
> here which probably goes boom.

Hrm, good point. This is not a new issue so I'd tend to add it to the
TODO list rather than block the series. I'll also add a comment in
the code since I'm touching it anyway.

Interestingly enough quite a bit of things continue to work just fine
even if this is NULL. I simulated setting this to NULL for all CPUs
and I could drop into the debugger, type "btc" to backtrace all CPUs,
attach to kgdb, etc. ...but when I typed "cpu 1" it went boom. So it
seems like parts of kdb use this but definitely not everything.

Also interesting is that on MIPS this is always NULL. I have no idea
why but my patch series preserves this oddity. Presumably if someone
was on a SMP MIPS machine and did "cpu 1" from kdb they'd go boom too.

In general kdb has a lot of crufty stuff like this in it. We need to
work to get rid of the cruft but one step at a time I think.

I've started a kgdb-wishlist:

...and this is

> > +void __weak kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> > +{
> > + call_single_data_t *csd;
> > + int this_cpu = get_cpu();
> Do you actually need to disable preemption here? afaict, irqs are already
> disabled by the kgdb core.

Ah, right. I can just use raw_smp_processor_id(). Done. I didn't
try to see if I could use smp_processor_id() since
kgdb_call_nmi_hook() already used raw_smp_processor_id(), but I can
dig if you wish.

> > + int cpu;
> > +
> > + for_each_cpu(cpu, cpu_online_mask) {
> for_each_online_cpu(cpu) ?


> I'm assuming this is serialised wrt CPU hotplug somehow?

I doubt it. I can add it to my wishlist ( , but I
don't think it's something I'm going to try to solve right now and
it's definitely not new. I think we need to make some sort of attempt
in kgdb_cpu_enter() to stop hotplugging, though we'd have to take into
account that we may be entering kgdb in an IRQ context so it might be
hard to grab a mutex. We need to account for it there since that
function has code like:

> while (kgdb_do_roundup && --time_left &&
> (atomic_read(&masters_in_kgdb) + atomic_read(&slaves_in_kgdb)) !=
> online_cpus)
> udelay(1000);

...and that would also be broken if cpus were plugging / unplugging.

In general, at least, the worst case would be that we'd either have an
extra 1 second delay entering the debugger (because we were waiting
for a CPU to respond that's been hotplugged) or we'd enter kgdb
without stopping one of the CPUs. Neither of those is ideal but I
don't think we'd end up in too bad shape.

Oh, but actually, I guess I should probably check the error return of
smp_call_function_single_async() and if it returns an error I should
unset rounding_up... That would make things behave slightly better
and is probably right anyway.

Overall: thank you very much for the review and the feedback. Sorry
I'm not really fixing everything here. My hope is to move things to a
slightly better state but I don't have time to fix everything.
Hopefully I can find some more time soon to fix more, or perhaps
someone else will.