Re: [driver-core PATCH v6 6/9] driver core: Probe devices asynchronously instead of the driver

From: Dan Williams
Date: Tue Nov 27 2018 - 13:32:36 EST

On Tue, Nov 27, 2018 at 9:58 AM Alexander Duyck
<alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Mon, 2018-11-26 at 18:48 -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> > On Thu, Nov 8, 2018 at 10:07 AM Alexander Duyck
> > <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > >
> > > Probe devices asynchronously instead of the driver. This results in us
> > > seeing the same behavior if the device is registered before the driver or
> > > after. This way we can avoid serializing the initialization should the
> > > driver not be loaded until after the devices have already been added.
> > >
> > > The motivation behind this is that if we have a set of devices that
> > > take a significant amount of time to load we can greatly reduce the time to
> > > load by processing them in parallel instead of one at a time. In addition,
> > > each device can exist on a different node so placing a single thread on one
> > > CPU to initialize all of the devices for a given driver can result in poor
> > > performance on a system with multiple nodes.
> >
> > Do you have numbers on effects of this change individually? Is this
> > change necessary for the libnvdimm init speedup, or is it independent?
> It depends on the case. I was using X86_PMEM_LEGACY_DEVICE to spawn a
> couple of 32GB persistent memory devices. I had to use this patch and
> the async_probe option to get them loading in parallel versus serial as
> the driver load order is a bit different.
> Basically as long as all the necessary drivers are loaded for libnvdimm
> you are good, however if the device can get probed before the driver is
> loaded you run into issues as the loading will be serialized without
> this patch.

I think we could achieve the same with something like the following:

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c b/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
index 77f188cd8023..66c9827efdb4 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
@@ -3718,5 +3718,6 @@ static __exit void nfit_exit(void)

+MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: nd_pmem");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Intel Corporation"); ensure that the pmem driver is loaded and ready to service
devices before they start being discovered.

> > > I am using the driver_data member of the device struct to store the driver
> > > pointer while we wait on the deferred probe call. This should be safe to do
> > > as the value will either be set to NULL on a failed probe or driver load
> > > followed by unload, or the driver value itself will be set on a successful
> > > driver load. In addition I have used the async_probe flag to add additional
> > > protection as it will be cleared if someone overwrites the driver_data
> > > member as a part of loading the driver.
> >
> > I would not put it past a device-driver to call dev_get_drvdata()
> > before dev_set_drvdata(), to check "has this device already been
> > initialized". So I don't think it is safe to assume that the core can
> > stash this information in ->driver_data. Why not put this
> > infrastructure in struct device_private?
> The data should be cleared before we even get to the probe call so I am
> not sure that is something we would need to worry about.

Yes it "should", but I have the sense that I have seen code that looks
at dev_get_drvdata() != NULL when it really should be looking at
dev->driver. Maybe not in leaf drivers, but bus code.

> As far as why I didn't use device_private, it was mostly just for the
> sake of space savings. I only had to add one bit to an existing
> bitfield to make the async_probe approach work, and the drvdata just
> seemed like the obvious place to put the deferred driver.

It seems device_private already has deferred_probe data, why not async_probe?