Re: [RFC PATCH 3/3] PCI: iproc: Add dma reserve resources to host

From: poza
Date: Thu Dec 13 2018 - 01:03:36 EST

On 2018-12-12 11:16, Srinath Mannam wrote:
IPROC host has the limitation that it can use
only those address ranges given by dma-ranges
property as inbound address.
So that the memory address holes in dma-ranges
should be reserved to allocate as DMA address.

All such reserved addresses are created as resource
entries and add to dma_resv list of pci host bridge.

These dma reserve resources created by parsing
dma-ranges parameter.

dma-ranges = < \
0x43000000 0x00 0x80000000 0x00 0x80000000 0x00 0x80000000 \
0x43000000 0x08 0x00000000 0x08 0x00000000 0x08 0x00000000 \
0x43000000 0x80 0x00000000 0x80 0x00000000 0x40 0x00000000>

In the above example of dma-ranges, memory address from
0x0 - 0x80000000,
0x100000000 - 0x800000000,
0x1000000000 - 0x8000000000 and
0x10000000000 - 0xffffffffffffffff.
are not allowed to use as inbound addresses.
So that we need to add these address range to dma_resv
list to reserve their IOVA address ranges.

Signed-off-by: Srinath Mannam <srinath.mannam@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 49 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
index 3160e93..43e465a 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
@@ -1154,25 +1154,74 @@ static int iproc_pcie_setup_ib(struct iproc_pcie *pcie,
return ret;

+static int
+iproc_pcie_add_dma_resv_range(struct device *dev, struct list_head *resources,
+ uint64_t start, uint64_t end)
+ struct resource *res;
+ res = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(struct resource), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!res)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ res->start = (resource_size_t)start;
+ res->end = (resource_size_t)end;
+ pci_add_resource_offset(resources, res, 0);
+ return 0;
static int iproc_pcie_map_dma_ranges(struct iproc_pcie *pcie)
+ struct pci_host_bridge *host = pci_host_bridge_from_priv(pcie);
struct of_pci_range range;
struct of_pci_range_parser parser;
int ret;
+ uint64_t start, end;
+ LIST_HEAD(resources);

/* Get the dma-ranges from DT */
ret = of_pci_dma_range_parser_init(&parser, pcie->dev->of_node);
if (ret)
return ret;

+ start = 0;
for_each_of_pci_range(&parser, &range) {
+ end = range.pci_addr;
+ /* dma-ranges list expected in sorted order */
+ if (end < start) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
/* Each range entry corresponds to an inbound mapping region */
ret = iproc_pcie_setup_ib(pcie, &range, IPROC_PCIE_IB_MAP_MEM);
if (ret)
return ret;
+ if (end - start) {
+ ret = iproc_pcie_add_dma_resv_range(pcie->dev,
+ &resources,
+ start, end);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ start = range.pci_addr + range.size;

+ end = ~0;
Hi Srinath,

this series is based on following patch sets.,

some comments to be adapted from the patch-set I did.

end = ~0;
you should consider DMA_MASK, to see iproc controller is in 32 bit or 64 bit system.
please check following code snippet.

if (tmp_dma_addr < DMA_BIT_MASK(sizeof(dma_addr_t) * 8)) {
+ lo = iova_pfn(iovad, tmp_dma_addr);
+ hi = iova_pfn(iovad,
+ DMA_BIT_MASK(sizeof(dma_addr_t) * 8) - 1);
+ reserve_iova(iovad, lo, hi);
+ }

Also if this controller is integrated to 64bit platform, but decide to restrict DMA to 32 bit for some reason, the code should address such scenarios.
so it is always safe to do

#define BITS_PER_BYTE 8
DMA_BIT_MASK(sizeof(dma_addr_t) * BITS_PER_BYTE)
so please use kernle macro to find the end of DMA region.

Also ideally according to SBSA v5

8.3 PCI Express device view of memory

Transactions from a PCI express device will either directly address the memory system of the base server system
or be presented to a SMMU for optional address translation and permission policing.
In systems that are compatible with level 3 or above of the SBSA, the addresses sent by PCI express devices
must be presented to the memory system or SMMU unmodified. In a system where the PCI express does not use
an SMMU, the PCI express devices have the same view of physical memory as the PEs. In a system with a
SMMU for PCI express there are no transformations to addresses being sent by PCI express devices before they
are presented as an input address to the SMMU.

which is a limitation of iproc controller, please list the limitation in detail as it violates SBSA.


+ if (end - start) {
+ ret = iproc_pcie_add_dma_resv_range(pcie->dev, &resources,
+ start, end);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ list_splice_init(&resources, &host->dma_resv);
return 0;
+ pci_free_resource_list(&resources);
+ return ret;

static int iproce_pcie_get_msi(struct iproc_pcie *pcie,