Re: [RFC PATCH 1/2] mm: swap: check if swap backing device is congested or not

From: Yang Shi
Date: Wed Dec 19 2018 - 18:53:06 EST

On 12/19/18 11:00 AM, Tim Chen wrote:
On 12/19/18 10:40 AM, Yang Shi wrote:

I don't think your dereference inode = si->swap_file->f_mapping->host
is always safe. You should do it only when (si->flags & SWP_FS) is true.
Do you mean it is not safe for swap partition?
The f_mapping may not be instantiated. It is only done for SWP_FS.
Really? I saw the below calls in swapon:

swap_file = file_open_name(name, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
p->swap_file = swap_file;
mapping = swap_file->f_mapping;
inode = mapping->host;

Then the below code manipulates the inode.

And, trace shows file_open_name() does call blkdev_open if it is turning block device swap on. And, blkdev_open() would return instantiated address_space and inode.

Am I missing something?

I was trying to limit the congestion logic for block devices backed swap.
So the check I had in mind should really be "si->flags & SWP_BLKDEV"
instead of si->flags & SWP_FS. I was concerned that there could
be other use cases where the inode dereference is invalid.

Looking at the code a bit more, looks like swap_cluster_readahead is not
used for other special case swap usage (like page migration). So
you would a proper swapfile and inode here. But I think it is still

Yes, just swap page fault and shmem calls this function. Actually, your above concern is valid if the inode were added into swap_address_space (address_space->host). I did this in my first attempt, and found out it may break some assumption in clear_page_dirty_for_io() and migration.

So, I made the patch as it is.

a good idea to have a check for SWP_BLKDEV in si->flags.

I don't get your point why it should be block dev swap only. IMHO, block dev swap should be less likely fragmented and congested than swap file, right? Block dev swap could be a dedicated physical device, but swap file has to be with filesystem.

It sounds reasonable to me to have this check for swap file only. However, to be honest, it sounds not hurt to have both.