Re: [RFC PATCH 0/3] mm: memcontrol: delayed force empty

From: Yang Shi
Date: Fri Jan 04 2019 - 16:44:55 EST

On 1/4/19 12:03 PM, Greg Thelen wrote:
Yang Shi <yang.shi@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On 1/3/19 11:23 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
On Thu 03-01-19 11:10:00, Yang Shi wrote:
On 1/3/19 10:53 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
On Thu 03-01-19 10:40:54, Yang Shi wrote:
On 1/3/19 10:13 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
Is there any reason for your scripts to be strictly sequential here? In
other words why cannot you offload those expensive operations to a
detached context in _userspace_?
I would say it has not to be strictly sequential. The above script is just
an example to illustrate the pattern. But, sometimes it may hit such pattern
due to the complicated cluster scheduling and container scheduling in the
production environment, for example the creation process might be scheduled
to the same CPU which is doing force_empty. I have to say I don't know too
much about the internals of the container scheduling.
In that case I do not see a strong reason to implement the offloding
into the kernel. It is an additional code and semantic to maintain.
Yes, it does introduce some additional code and semantic, but IMHO, it is
quite simple and very straight forward, isn't it? Just utilize the existing
css offline worker. And, that a couple of lines of code do improve some
throughput issues for some real usecases.
I do not really care it is few LOC. It is more important that it is
conflating force_empty into offlining logic. There was a good reason to
remove reparenting/emptying the memcg during the offline. Considering
that you can offload force_empty from userspace trivially then I do not
see any reason to implement it in the kernel.
Er, I may not articulate in the earlier email, force_empty can not be
offloaded from userspace *trivially*. IOWs the container scheduler may
unexpectedly overcommit something due to the stall of synchronous force
empty, which can't be figured out by userspace before it actually
happens. The scheduler doesn't know how long force_empty would take. If
the force_empty could be offloaded by kernel, it would make scheduler's
life much easier. This is not something userspace could do.
If kernel workqueues are doing more work (i.e. force_empty processing),
then it seem like the time to offline could grow. I'm not sure if
that's important.

Yes, it would grow. I'm not sure, but it seems fine with our workloads.

The reclaim can be placed at the last step of offline, and it can be interrupted by some signals, i.e. fatal signal in current code.

I assume that if we make force_empty an async side effect of rmdir then
user space scheduler would not be unable to immediately assume the
rmdir'd container memory is available without subjecting a new container
to direct reclaim. So it seems like user space would use a mechanism to
wait for reclaim: either the existing sync force_empty or polling
meminfo/etc waiting for free memory to appear.

Yes, it is expected side effect, the memory reclaim would happen in a short while. In this series I keep sync reclaim behavior of force_empty by checking the written value. Michal suggested a new knob do the offline reclaim, and keep force_empty intact.

I think using which knob is user's discretion.


I think it is more important to discuss whether we want to introduce
force_empty in cgroup v2.
We would prefer have it in v2 as well.
Then bring this up in a separate email thread please.
Sure. Will prepare the patches later.