Re: [RFC PATCH V3 0/5] Hi:
From: Michael S. Tsirkin
Date: Mon Jan 07 2019 - 09:11:43 EST
On Sun, Jan 06, 2019 at 11:15:20PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Sun, Jan 6, 2019 at 8:17 PM Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 11:53:41AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > >
> > > On 2019/1/7 äå11:28, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 10:19:03AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > > > > On 2019/1/3 äå4:47, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > > > On Sat, Dec 29, 2018 at 08:46:51PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > > > > > > This series tries to access virtqueue metadata through kernel virtual
> > > > > > > address instead of copy_user() friends since they had too much
> > > > > > > overheads like checks, spec barriers or even hardware feature
> > > > > > > toggling.
> > > > > > Will review, thanks!
> > > > > > One questions that comes to mind is whether it's all about bypassing
> > > > > > stac/clac. Could you please include a performance comparison with
> > > > > > nosmap?
> > > > > >
> > > > > On machine without SMAP (Sandy Bridge):
> > > > >
> > > > > Before: 4.8Mpps
> > > > >
> > > > > After: 5.2Mpps
> > > > OK so would you say it's really unsafe versus safe accesses?
> > > > Or would you say it's just a better written code?
> > >
> > >
> > > It's the effect of removing speculation barrier.
> > You mean __uaccess_begin_nospec introduced by
> > commit 304ec1b050310548db33063e567123fae8fd0301
> > ?
> > So fundamentally we do access_ok checks when supplying
> > the memory table to the kernel thread, and we should
> > do the spec barrier there.
> > Then we can just create and use a variant of uaccess macros that does
> > not include the barrier?
> > Or, how about moving the barrier into access_ok?
> > This way repeated accesses with a single access_ok get a bit faster.
> > CC Dan Williams on this idea.
> It would be interesting to see how expensive re-doing the address
> limit check is compared to the speculation barrier. I.e. just switch
> vhost_get_user() to use get_user() rather than __get_user(). That will
> sanitize the pointer in the speculative path without a barrier.
Hmm it's way cheaper even though IIRC it's measureable.
Jason, would you like to try?
Although frankly __get_user being slower than get_user feels very wrong.
Not yet sure what to do exactly but would you agree?
> I recall we had a convert access_ok() discussion with this result here:
Sorry let me try to clarify. IIUC speculating access_ok once
is harmless. As Linus said the problem is with "_subsequent_
accesses that can then be used to perturb the cache".
1. if (!access_ok)
4. if (!access_ok)
Your proposal that Linus nacked was to effectively add a barrier after
lines 2 and 5 (also using the array_index_nospec trick for speed),
right? Unfortunately that needs a big API change.
I am asking about adding barrier_nospec within access_ok.
Thus effectively before lines 1 and 4.
access_ok will be slower but after all the point of access_ok is
to then access the same memory multiple times.
So we should be making __get_user faster and access_ok slower ...
> ...but it sounds like you are proposing a smaller scope fixup for the
> vhost use case? Something like barrier_nospec() in the success path
> for all vhost access_ok() checks and then a get_user() variant that
> disables the barrier.
Maybe we'll have to. Except I hope vhost won't end up being the
only user otherwise it will be hard to maintain.