[PATCH 4.19 252/313] xfs: fix shared extent data corruption due to missing cow reservation

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Mon Feb 11 2019 - 10:36:21 EST

4.19-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


commit 59e4293149106fb92530f8e56fa3992d8548c5e6 upstream.

Page writeback indirectly handles shared extents via the existence
of overlapping COW fork blocks. If COW fork blocks exist, writeback
always performs the associated copy-on-write regardless if the
underlying blocks are actually shared. If the blocks are shared,
then overlapping COW fork blocks must always exist.

fstests shared/010 reproduces a case where a buffered write occurs
over a shared block without performing the requisite COW fork
reservation. This ultimately causes writeback to the shared extent
and data corruption that is detected across md5 checks of the
filesystem across a mount cycle.

The problem occurs when a buffered write lands over a shared extent
that crosses an extent size hint boundary and that also happens to
have a partial COW reservation that doesn't cover the start and end
blocks of the data fork extent.

For example, a buffered write occurs across the file offset (in FSB
units) range of [29, 57]. A shared extent exists at blocks [29, 35]
and COW reservation already exists at blocks [32, 34]. After
accommodating a COW extent size hint of 32 blocks and the existing
reservation at offset 32, xfs_reflink_reserve_cow() allocates 32
blocks of reservation at offset 0 and returns with COW reservation
across the range of [0, 34]. The associated data fork extent is
still [29, 35], however, which isn't fully covered by the COW

This leads to a buffered write at file offset 35 over a shared
extent without associated COW reservation. Writeback eventually
kicks in, performs an overwrite of the underlying shared block and
causes the associated data corruption.

Update xfs_reflink_reserve_cow() to accommodate the fact that a
delalloc allocation request may not fully cover the extent in the
data fork. Trim the data fork extent appropriately, just as is done
for shared extent boundaries and/or existing COW reservations that
happen to overlap the start of the data fork extent. This prevents
shared/010 failures due to data corruption on reflink enabled

Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@xxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c | 1 +
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c
index 42ea7bab9144..7088f44c0c59 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c
@@ -302,6 +302,7 @@ xfs_reflink_reserve_cow(
if (error)
return error;

+ xfs_trim_extent(imap, got.br_startoff, got.br_blockcount);
trace_xfs_reflink_cow_alloc(ip, &got);
return 0;