Re: [PATCH v4 3/3] powerpc/32: Add KASAN support

From: Christophe Leroy
Date: Tue Feb 12 2019 - 06:38:54 EST

Le 12/02/2019 Ã 02:08, Daniel Axtens a ÃcritÂ:
Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:

On 2/11/19 3:25 PM, Andrey Konovalov wrote:
On Sat, Feb 9, 2019 at 12:55 PM christophe leroy
<christophe.leroy@xxxxxx> wrote:

Hi Andrey,

Le 08/02/2019 Ã 18:40, Andrey Konovalov a Ãcrit :
On Fri, Feb 8, 2019 at 6:17 PM Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@xxxxxx> wrote:

Hi Daniel,

Le 08/02/2019 Ã 17:18, Daniel Axtens a Ãcrit :
Hi Christophe,

I've been attempting to port this to 64-bit Book3e nohash (e6500),
although I think I've ended up with an approach more similar to Aneesh's
much earlier (2015) series for book3s.

Part of this is just due to the changes between 32 and 64 bits - we need
to hack around the discontiguous mappings - but one thing that I'm
particularly puzzled by is what the kasan_early_init is supposed to do.

It should be a problem as my patch uses a 'for_each_memblock(memory,
reg)' loop.

+void __init kasan_early_init(void)
+ unsigned long addr = KASAN_SHADOW_START;
+ unsigned long end = KASAN_SHADOW_END;
+ unsigned long next;
+ pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud_offset(pgd_offset_k(addr), addr), addr);
+ int i;
+ phys_addr_t pa = __pa(kasan_early_shadow_page);
+ if (early_mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_HPTE_TABLE))
+ panic("KASAN not supported with Hash MMU\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++)
+ __set_pte_at(&init_mm, (unsigned long)kasan_early_shadow_page,
+ kasan_early_shadow_pte + i,
+ pfn_pte(PHYS_PFN(pa), PAGE_KERNEL_RO), 0);
+ do {
+ next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, kasan_early_shadow_pte);
+ } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);

As far as I can tell it's mapping the early shadow page, read-only, over
the KASAN_SHADOW_START->KASAN_SHADOW_END range, and it's using the early
shadow PTE array from the generic code.

I haven't been able to find an answer to why this is in the docs, so I
was wondering if you or anyone else could explain the early part of
kasan init a bit better.

See for an
explanation of the shadow.

When shadow is 0, it means the memory area is entirely accessible.

It is necessary to setup a shadow area as soon as possible because all
data accesses check the shadow area, from the begining (except for a few
files where sanitizing has been disabled in Makefiles).

Until the real shadow area is set, all access are granted thanks to the
zero shadow area beeing for of zeros.

Not entirely correct. kasan_early_init() indeed maps the whole shadow
memory range to the same kasan_early_shadow_page. However as kernel
loads and memory gets allocated this shadow page gets rewritten with
non-zero values by different KASAN allocator hooks. Since these values
come from completely different parts of the kernel, but all land on
the same page, kasan_early_shadow_page's content can be considered
garbage. When KASAN checks memory accesses for validity it detects
these garbage shadow values, but doesn't print any reports, as the
reporting routine bails out on the current->kasan_depth check (which
has the value of 1 initially). Only after kasan_init() completes, when
the proper shadow memory is mapped, current->kasan_depth gets set to 0
and we start reporting bad accesses.

That's surprising, because in the early phase I map the shadow area
read-only, so I do not expect it to get modified unless RO protection is
failing for some reason.

Actually it might be that the allocator hooks don't modify shadow at
this point, as the allocator is not yet initialized. However stack
should be getting poisoned and unpoisoned from the very start. But the
generic statement that early shadow gets dirtied should be correct.
Might it be that you don't use stack instrumentation?

Yes, stack instrumentation is not used here, because shadow offset which we pass to
the -fasan-shadow-offset= cflag is not specified here. So the logic in scrpits/Makefile.kasan
just fallbacks to CFLAGS_KASAN_MINIMAL, which is outline and without stack instrumentation.

Christophe, you can specify KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET either in Kconfig (e.g. x86_64) or
in Makefile (e.g. arm64). And make early mapping writable, because compiler generated code will write
to shadow memory in function prologue/epilogue.

Hmm. Is this limitation just that compilers have not implemented
out-of-line support for stack instrumentation, or is there a deeper
reason that stack/global instrumentation relies upon inline

No, it looks like as soon as we define KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET in Makefile in addition to asm/kasan.h, stack instrumentation works with out-of-line.

I'll send series v5 soon.


I ask because it's very common on ppc64 to have the virtual address
space split up into discontiguous blocks. I know this means we lose
inline instrumentation, but I didn't realise we'd also lose stack and
global instrumentation...

I wonder if it would be worth, in the distant future, trying to
implement a smarter scheme in compilers where we could insert more
complex inline mapping schemes.