[PATCH v6 11/12] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2

From: Chang S. Bae
Date: Wed Feb 13 2019 - 16:37:10 EST

From: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

The kernel needs to explicitly enable FSGSBASE. So, the application needs
to know if it can safely use these instructions. Just looking at the CPUID
bit is not enough because it may be running in a kernel that does not
enable the instructions.

One way for the application would be to just try and catch the SIGILL.
But that is difficult to do in libraries which may not want to overwrite
the signal handlers of the main application.

So we need to provide a way for the application to discover the kernel

I used AT_HWCAP2 in the ELF aux vector which is already used by PPC for
similar things. We define a new Linux defined bitmap returned in AT_HWCAP.
Next to MONITOR/MWAIT, bit 1 is reserved for FSGSBASE capability checks.

The application can then access it manually or using the getauxval()
function in newer glibc.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h | 3 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 4 +++-
2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
index 6ebaae90e207..c5ce54e749f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
@@ -5,4 +5,7 @@
/* MONITOR/MWAIT enabled in Ring 3 */
#define HWCAP2_RING3MWAIT (1 << 0)

+/* Kernel allows FSGSBASE instructions available in Ring 3 */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 3d7d4ca1a29e..3bdac91316c9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1369,8 +1369,10 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)

/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
- if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
+ if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
+ elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
+ }

* The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.