Re: [ANNOUNCE] Git v2.22.0

From: Bhaskar Chowdhury
Date: Fri Jun 07 2019 - 18:52:42 EST

Thanks, a bunch Junio!

On 14:31 Fri 07 Jun , Junio C Hamano wrote:
The latest feature release Git v2.22.0 is now available at the
usual places. It is comprised of 745 non-merge commits since
v2.21.0, contributed by 74 people, 18 of which are new faces.

The tarballs are found at:

The following public repositories all have a copy of the 'v2.22.0'
tag and the 'master' branch that the tag points at:

url =
url = git://
url =

New contributors whose contributions weren't in v2.21.0 are as follows.
Welcome to the Git development community!

Alexander Blesius, Baruch Siach, Boxuan Li, CÃdric Malard,
Chris Mayo, Chris. Webster, ClÃment Chigot, Corentin BOMPARD,
Damien Robert, Dustin Spicuzza, Emily Shaffer, Michal Suchanek,
Rohit Ashiwal, Sun Chao, Tanushree Tumane, Vadim Kochan,
William Hubbs, and Yash Bhatambare.

Returning contributors who helped this release are as follows.
Thanks for your continued support.

Ãvar ArnfjÃrà Bjarmason, Alban Gruin, Alessandro Menti,
Alexander Shopov, Anders Waldenborg, Andreas Heiduk, Andrei
Rybak, Beat Bolli, Ben Peart, Brandon Richardson, brian
m. carlson, Carlo Marcelo Arenas BelÃn, Christian Couder,
Christopher DÃaz Riveros, Daniels Umanovskis, David Aguilar,
David Kastrup, Denton Liu, Derrick Stolee, Elijah Newren, Eric
Sunshine, Eric Wong, Fangyi Zhou, Äsmail DÃnmez, Jean-NoÃl
Avila, Jeff Hostetler, Jeff King, Jiang Xin, Joel Teichroeb,
Joey Hess, Johannes Schindelin, Jonathan Tan, Jordi Mas, Josh
Steadmon, Junio C Hamano, Kyle Meyer, Martin Ãgren, Matthew
Kraai, Matthias RÃster, Mike Hommey, Nguyán ThÃi Ngác
Duy, Paul-Sebastian Ungureanu, Peter Krefting, Philip Oakley,
Phillip Wood, Ralf Thielow, Ramsay Jones, Renà Scharfe, Robert
P. J. Day, Sven Strickroth, SZEDER GÃbor, Taylor Blau, Thomas
Gummerer, Todd Zullinger, Torsten BÃgershausen, and Trán
Ngác QuÃn.


Git 2.22 Release Notes

Updates since v2.21

Backward compatibility note

* The filter specification "--filter=sparse:path=<path>" used to
create a lazy/partial clone has been removed. Using a blob that is
part of the project as sparse specification is still supported with
the "--filter=sparse:oid=<blob>" option.

UI, Workflows & Features

* "git checkout --no-overlay" can be used to trigger a new mode of
checking out paths out of the tree-ish, that allows paths that
match the pathspec that are in the current index and working tree
and are not in the tree-ish.

* The %(trailers) formatter in "git log --format=..." now allows to
optionally pick trailers selectively by keyword, show only values,

* Four new configuration variables {author,committer}.{name,email}
have been introduced to override user.{name,email} in more specific

* Command-line completion (in contrib/) learned to tab-complete the
"git submodule absorbgitdirs" subcommand.

* "git branch" learned a new subcommand "--show-current".

* Output from "diff --cc" did not show the original paths when the
merge involved renames. A new option adds the paths in the
original trees to the output.

* The command line completion (in contrib/) has been taught to
complete more subcommand parameters.

* The final report from "git bisect" used to show the suspected
culprit using a raw "diff-tree", with which there is no output for
a merge commit. This has been updated to use a more modern and
human readable output that still is concise enough.

* "git rebase --rebase-merges" replaces its old "--preserve-merges"
option; the latter is now marked as deprecated.

* Error message given while cloning with --recurse-submodules has
been updated.

* The completion helper code now pays attention to repository-local
configuration (when available), which allows --list-cmds to honour
a repository specific setting of completion.commands, for example.

* "git mergetool" learned to offer Sublime Merge (smerge) as one of
its backends.

* A new hook "post-index-change" is called when the on-disk index
file changes, which can help e.g. a virtualized working tree

* "git difftool" can now run outside a repository.

* "git checkout -m <other>" was about carrying the differences
between HEAD and the working-tree files forward while checking out
another branch, and ignored the differences between HEAD and the
index. The command has been taught to abort when the index and the
HEAD are different.

* A progress indicator has been added to the "index-pack" step, which
often makes users wait for completion during "git clone".

* "git submodule" learns "set-branch" subcommand that allows the
submodule.*.branch settings to be modified.

* "git merge-recursive" backend recently learned a new heuristics to
infer file movement based on how other files in the same directory
moved. As this is inherently less robust heuristics than the one
based on the content similarity of the file itself (rather than
based on what its neighbours are doing), it sometimes gives an
outcome unexpected by the end users. This has been toned down to
leave the renamed paths in higher/conflicted stages in the index so
that the user can examine and confirm the result.

* "git tag" learned to give an advice suggesting it might be a
mistake when creating an annotated or signed tag that points at
another tag.

* The "git pack-objects" command learned to report the number of
objects it packed via the trace2 mechanism.

* The list of conflicted paths shown in the editor while concluding a
conflicted merge was shown above the scissors line when the
clean-up mode is set to "scissors", even though it was commented
out just like the list of updated paths and other information to
help the user explain the merge better.

* The trace2 tracing facility learned to auto-generate a filename
when told to log to a directory.

* "git clone" learned a new --server-option option when talking over
the protocol version 2.

* The connectivity bitmaps are created by default in bare
repositories now; also the pathname hash-cache is created by
default to avoid making crappy deltas when repacking.

* "git branch new A...B" and "git checkout -b new A...B" have been
taught that in their contexts, the notation A...B means "the merge
base between these two commits", just like "git checkout A...B"
detaches HEAD at that commit.

* Update "git difftool" and "git mergetool" so that the combinations
of {diff,merge}.{tool,guitool} configuration variables serve as
fallback settings of each other in a sensible order.

* The "--dir-diff" mode of "git difftool" is not useful in "--no-index"
mode; they are now explicitly marked as mutually incompatible.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

* The diff machinery, one of the oldest parts of the system, which
long predates the parse-options API, uses fairly long and complex
handcrafted option parser. This is being rewritten to use the
parse-options API.

* The implementation of pack-redundant has been updated for
performance in a repository with many packfiles.

* A more structured way to obtain execution trace has been added.

* "git prune" has been taught to take advantage of reachability
bitmap when able.

* The command line parser of "git commit-tree" has been rewritten to
use the parse-options API.

* Suggest GitGitGadget instead of submitGit as a way to submit
patches based on GitHub PR to us.

* The test framework has been updated to help developers by making it
easier to run most of the tests under different versions of
over-the-wire protocols.

* Dev support update to make it easier to compare two formatted
results from our documentation.

* The scripted "git rebase" implementation has been retired.

* "git multi-pack-index verify" did not scale well with the number of
packfiles, which is being improved.

* "git stash" has been rewritten in C.

* The "check-docs" Makefile target to support developers has been

* The tests have been updated not to rely on the abbreviated option
names the parse-options API offers, to protect us from an
abbreviated form of an option that used to be unique within the
command getting non-unique when a new option that share the same
prefix is added.

* The scripted version of "git rebase -i" wrote and rewrote the todo
list many times during a single step of its operation, and the
recent C-rewrite made a faithful conversion of the logic to C. The
implementation has been updated to carry necessary information
around in-core to avoid rewriting the same file over and over

* Test framework update to more robustly clean up leftover files and
processes after tests are done.

* Conversion from unsigned char[20] to struct object_id continues.

* While running "git diff" in a lazy clone, we can upfront know which
missing blobs we will need, instead of waiting for the on-demand
machinery to discover them one by one. The code learned to aim to
achieve better performance by batching the request for these
promised blobs.

* During an initial "git clone --depth=..." partial clone, it is
pointless to spend cycles for a large portion of the connectivity
check that enumerates and skips promisor objects (which by
definition is all objects fetched from the other side). This has
been optimized out.

* Mechanically and systematically drop "extern" from function

* The script to aggregate perf result unconditionally depended on
libjson-perl even though it did not have to, which has been

* The internal implementation of "git rebase -i" has been updated to
avoid forking a separate "rebase--interactive" process.

* Allow DEP and ASLR for Windows build to for security hardening.

* Performance test framework has been broken and measured the version
of Git that happens to be on $PATH, not the specified one to
measure, for a while, which has been corrected.

* Optionally "make coccicheck" can feed multiple source files to
spatch, gaining performance while spending more memory.

* Attempt to use an abbreviated option in "git clone --recurs" is
responded by a request to disambiguate between --recursive and
--recurse-submodules, which is bad because these two are synonyms.
The parse-options API has been extended to define such synonyms
more easily and not produce an unnecessary failure.

* A pair of private functions in http.c that had names similar to
fread/fwrite did not return the number of elements, which was found
to be confusing.

* Update collision-detecting SHA-1 code to build properly on HP-UX.

Fixes since v2.21

* "git prune-packed" did not notice and complain against excess
arguments given from the command line, which now it does.
(merge 9b0bd87ed2 rj/prune-packed-excess-args later to maint).

* Split-index fix.
(merge 6e37c8ed3c nd/split-index-null-base-fix later to maint).

* "git diff --no-index" may still want to access Git goodies like
--ext-diff and --textconv, but so far these have been ignored,
which has been corrected.
(merge 287ab28bfa jk/diff-no-index-initialize later to maint).

* Unify RPC code for smart http in protocol v0/v1 and v2, which fixes
a bug in the latter (lack of authentication retry) and generally
improves the code base.
(merge a97d00799a jt/http-auth-proto-v2-fix later to maint).

* The include file compat/bswap.h has been updated so that it is safe
to (accidentally) include it more than once.
(merge 33aa579a55 jk/guard-bswap-header later to maint).

* The set of header files used by "make hdr-check" unconditionally
included sha256/gcrypt.h, even when it is not used, causing the
make target to fail. We now skip it when GCRYPT_SHA256 is not in
(merge f23aa18e7f rj/hdr-check-gcrypt-fix later to maint).

* The Makefile uses 'find' utility to enumerate all the *.h header
files, which is expensive on platforms with slow filesystems; it
now optionally uses "ls-files" if working within a repository,
which is a trick similar to how all sources are enumerated to run
(merge 92b88eba9f js/find-lib-h-with-ls-files-when-possible later to maint).

* "git rebase" that was reimplemented in C did not set ORIG_HEAD
correctly, which has been corrected.
(merge cbd29ead92 js/rebase-orig-head-fix later to maint).

* Dev support.
(merge f545737144 js/stress-test-ui-tweak later to maint).

* CFLAGS now can be tweaked when invoking Make while using
DEVELOPER=YesPlease; this did not work well before.
(merge 6d5d4b4e93 ab/makefile-help-devs-more later to maint).

* "git fsck --connectivity-only" omits computation necessary to sift
the objects that are not reachable from any of the refs into
unreachable and dangling. This is now enabled when dangling
objects are requested (which is done by default, but can be
overridden with the "--no-dangling" option).
(merge 8d8c2a5aef jk/fsck-doc later to maint).

* On platforms where "git fetch" is killed with SIGPIPE (e.g. OSX),
the upload-pack that runs on the other end that hangs up after
detecting an error could cause "git fetch" to die with a signal,
which led to a flaky test. "git fetch" now ignores SIGPIPE during
the network portion of its operation (this is not a problem as we
check the return status from our write(2)s).
(merge 143588949c jk/no-sigpipe-during-network-transport later to maint).

* A recent update broke "is this object available to us?" check for
well-known objects like an empty tree (which should yield "yes",
even when there is no on-disk object for an empty tree), which has
been corrected.
(merge f06ab027ef jk/virtual-objects-do-exist later to maint).

* The setup code has been cleaned up to avoid leaks around the
repository_format structure.
(merge e8805af1c3 ma/clear-repository-format later to maint).

* "git config --type=color ..." is meant to replace "git config --get-color"
but there is a slight difference that wasn't documented, which is
now fixed.
(merge cd8e7593b9 jk/config-type-color-ends-with-lf later to maint).

* When the "clean" filter can reduce the size of a huge file in the
working tree down to a small "token" (a la Git LFS), there is no
point in allocating a huge scratch area upfront, but the buffer is
sized based on the original file size. The convert mechanism now
allocates very minimum and reallocates as it receives the output
from the clean filter process.
(merge 02156ab031 jh/resize-convert-scratch-buffer later to maint).

* "git rebase" uses the refs/rewritten/ hierarchy to store its
intermediate states, which inherently makes the hierarchy per
worktree, but it didn't quite work well.
(merge b9317d55a3 nd/rewritten-ref-is-per-worktree later to maint).

* "git log -L<from>,<to>:<path>" with "-s" did not suppress the patch
output as it should. This has been corrected.
(merge 05314efaea jk/line-log-with-patch later to maint).

* "git worktree add" used to do a "find an available name with stat
and then mkdir", which is race-prone. This has been fixed by using
mkdir and reacting to EEXIST in a loop.
(merge 7af01f2367 ms/worktree-add-atomic-mkdir later to maint).

* Build update for SHA-1 with collision detection.
(merge 07a20f569b jk/sha1dc later to maint).

* Build procedure has been fixed around use of asciidoctor instead of
(merge 185f9a0ea0 ma/asciidoctor-fixes later to maint).

* remote-http transport did not anonymize URLs reported in its error
messages at places.
(merge c1284b21f2 js/anonymize-remote-curl-diag later to maint).

* Error messages given from the http transport have been updated so
that they can be localized.
(merge ed8b4132c8 js/remote-curl-i18n later to maint).

* "git init" forgot to read platform-specific repository
configuration, which made Windows port to ignore settings of
core.hidedotfiles, for example.

* A corner-case object name ambiguity while the sequencer machinery
is working (e.g. "rebase -i -x") has been fixed.

* "git format-patch" did not diagnose an error while opening the
output file for the cover-letter, which has been corrected.
(merge 2fe95f494c jc/format-patch-error-check later to maint).

* "git checkout -f <branch>" while the index has an unmerged path
incorrectly left some paths in an unmerged state, which has been

* A corner case bug in the refs API has been corrected.
(merge d3322eb28b jk/refs-double-abort later to maint).

* Unicode update.
(merge 584b62c37b bb/unicode-12 later to maint).

* dumb-http walker has been updated to share more error recovery
strategy with the normal codepath.

* A buglet in configuration parser has been fixed.
(merge 19e7fdaa58 nd/include-if-wildmatch later to maint).

* The documentation for "git read-tree --reset -u" has been updated.
(merge b5a0bd694c nd/read-tree-reset-doc later to maint).

* Code clean-up around a much-less-important-than-it-used-to-be
update_server_info() function.
(merge b3223761c8 jk/server-info-rabbit-hole later to maint).

* The message given when "git commit -a <paths>" errors out has been
(merge 5a1dbd48bc nd/commit-a-with-paths-msg-update later to maint).

* "git cherry-pick --options A..B", after giving control back to the
user to ask help resolving a conflicted step, did not honor the
options it originally received, which has been corrected.

* Various glitches in "git gc" around reflog handling have been fixed.

* The code to read from commit-graph file has been cleanup with more
careful error checking before using data read from it.

* Performance fix around "git fetch" that grabs many refs.
(merge b764300912 jt/fetch-pack-wanted-refs-optim later to maint).

* Protocol v2 support in "git fetch-pack" of shallow clones has been

* Performance fix around "git blame", especially in a linear history
(which is the norm we should optimize for).
(merge f892014943 dk/blame-keep-origin-blob later to maint).

* Performance fix for "rev-list --parents -- pathspec".
(merge 8320b1dbe7 jk/revision-rewritten-parents-in-prio-queue later to maint).

* Updating the display with progress message has been cleaned up to
deal better with overlong messages.
(merge 545dc345eb sg/overlong-progress-fix later to maint).

* "git blame -- path" in a non-bare repository starts blaming from
the working tree, and the same command in a bare repository errors
out because there is no working tree by definition. The command
has been taught to instead start blaming from the commit at HEAD,
which is more useful.
(merge a544fb08f8 sg/blame-in-bare-start-at-head later to maint).

* An underallocation in the code to read the untracked cache
extension has been corrected.
(merge 3a7b45a623 js/untracked-cache-allocfix later to maint).

* The code is updated to check the result of memory allocation before
it is used in more places, by using xmalloc and/or xcalloc calls.
(merge 999b951b28 jk/xmalloc later to maint).

* The GETTEXT_POISON test option has been quite broken ever since it
was made runtime-tunable, which has been fixed.
(merge f88b9cb603 jc/gettext-test-fix later to maint).

* Test fix on APFS that is incapable of store paths in Latin-1.
(merge 3889149619 js/iso8895-test-on-apfs later to maint).

* "git submodule foreach <command> --quiet" did not pass the option
down correctly, which has been corrected.
(merge a282f5a906 nd/submodule-foreach-quiet later to maint).

* "git send-email" has been taught to use quoted-printable when the
payload contains carriage-return. The use of the mechanism is in
line with the design originally added the codepath that chooses QP
when the payload has overly long lines.
(merge 74d76a1701 bc/send-email-qp-cr later to maint).

* The recently added feature to add addresses that are on
anything-by: trailers in 'git send-email' was found to be way too
eager and considered nonsense strings as if they can be legitimate
beginning of *-by: trailer. This has been tightened.

* Builds with gettext broke on recent macOS w/ Homebrew, which
seems to have stopped including from /usr/local/include; this
has been corrected.
(merge 92a1377a2a js/macos-gettext-build later to maint).

* Running "git add" on a repository created inside the current
repository is an explicit indication that the user wants to add it
as a submodule, but when the HEAD of the inner repository is on an
unborn branch, it cannot be added as a submodule. Worse, the files
in its working tree can be added as if they are a part of the outer
repository, which is not what the user wants. These problems are
being addressed.
(merge f937bc2f86 km/empty-repo-is-still-a-repo later to maint).

* "git cherry-pick" run with the "-x" or the "--signoff" option used
to (and more importantly, ought to) clean up the commit log message
with the --cleanup=space option by default, but this has been
broken since late 2017. This has been fixed.

* When given a tag that points at a commit-ish, "git replace --graft"
failed to peel the tag before writing a replace ref, which did not
make sense because the old graft mechanism the feature wants to
mimic only allowed to replace one commit object with another.
This has been fixed.
(merge ee521ec4cb cc/replace-graft-peel-tags later to maint).

* Code tightening against a "wrong" object appearing where an object
of a different type is expected, instead of blindly assuming that
the connection between objects are correctly made.
(merge 97dd512af7 tb/unexpected later to maint).

* An earlier update for MinGW and Cygwin accidentally broke MSVC build,
which has been fixed.
(merge 22c3634c0f ss/msvc-path-utils-fix later to maint).

* %(push:track) token used in the --format option to "git
for-each-ref" and friends was not showing the right branch, which
has been fixed.
(merge c646d0934e dr/ref-filter-push-track-fix later to maint).

* "make check-docs", "git help -a", etc. did not account for cases
where a particular build may deliberately omit some subcommands,
which has been corrected.

* The logic to tell if a Git repository has a working tree protects
"git branch -D" from removing the branch that is currently checked
out by mistake. The implementation of this logic was broken for
repositories with unusual name, which unfortunately is the norm for
submodules these days. This has been fixed.
(merge f3534c98e4 jt/submodule-repo-is-with-worktree later to maint).

* AIX shared the same build issues with other BSDs around fileno(fp),
which has been corrected.
(merge ee662bf5c6 cc/aix-has-fileno-as-a-macro later to maint).

* The autoconf generated configure script failed to use the right
gettext() implementations from -libintl by ignoring useless stub
implementations shipped in some C library, which has been
(merge b71e56a683 vk/autoconf-gettext later to maint).

* Fix index-pack perf test so that the repeated invocations always
run in an empty repository, which emulates the initial clone
situation better.
(merge 775c71e16d jk/p5302-avoid-collision-check-cost later to maint).

* A "ls-files" that emulates "find" to enumerate files in the working
tree resulted in duplicated Makefile rules that caused the build to
issue an unnecessary warning during a trial build after merge
conflicts are resolved in working tree *.h files but before the
resolved results are added to the index. This has been corrected.

* "git cherry-pick" (and "revert" that shares the same runtime engine)
that deals with multiple commits got confused when the final step
gets stopped with a conflict and the user concluded the sequence
with "git commit". Attempt to fix it by cleaning up the state
files used by these commands in such a situation.
(merge 4a72486de9 pw/clean-sequencer-state-upon-final-commit later to maint).

* On a filesystem like HFS+, the names of the refs stored as filesystem
entities may become different from what the end-user expects, just
like files in the working tree get "renamed". Work around the
mismatch by paying attention to the core.precomposeUnicode
(merge 8e712ef6fc en/unicode-in-refnames later to maint).

* The code to generate the multi-pack idx file was not prepared to
see too many packfiles and ran out of open file descriptor, which
has been corrected.

* To run tests for Git SVN, our scripts for CI used to install the
git-svn package (in the hope that it would bring in the right
dependencies). This has been updated to install the more direct
dependency, namely, libsvn-perl.
(merge db864306cf sg/ci-libsvn-perl later to maint).

* "git cvsexportcommit" running on msys did not expect cvsnt showed
"cvs status" output with CRLF line endings.

* The fsmonitor interface got out of sync after the in-core index
file gets discarded, which has been corrected.
(merge 398a3b0899 js/fsmonitor-refresh-after-discarding-index later to maint).

* "git status" did not know that the "label" instruction in the
todo-list "rebase -i -r" uses should not be shown as a hex object

* A prerequisite check in the test suite to see if a working jgit is
available was made more robust.
(merge abd0f28983 tz/test-lib-check-working-jgit later to maint).

* The codepath to parse :<path> that obtains the object name for an
indexed object has been made more robust.

* Code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
(merge 11f470aee7 jc/test-yes-doc later to maint).
(merge 90503a240b js/doc-symref-in-proto-v1 later to maint).
(merge 5c326d1252 jk/unused-params later to maint).
(merge 68cabbfda3 dl/doc-submodule-wo-subcommand later to maint).
(merge 9903623761 ab/receive-pack-use-after-free-fix later to maint).
(merge 1ede45e44b en/merge-options-doc later to maint).
(merge 3e14dd2c8e rd/doc-hook-used-in-sample later to maint).
(merge c271dc28fd nd/no-more-check-racy later to maint).
(merge e6e15194a8 yb/utf-16le-bom-spellfix later to maint).
(merge bb101aaf0c rd/attr.c-comment-typofix later to maint).
(merge 716a5af812 rd/gc-prune-doc-fix later to maint).
(merge 50b206371d js/untravis-windows later to maint).
(merge dbf47215e3 js/rebase-recreate-merge later to maint).
(merge 56cb2d30f8 dl/reset-doc-no-wrt-abbrev later to maint).
(merge 64eca306a2 ja/dir-rename-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
(merge af91b0230c dl/ignore-docs later to maint).
(merge 59a06e947b ra/t3600-test-path-funcs later to maint).
(merge e041d0781b ar/t4150-remove-cruft later to maint).
(merge 8d75a1d183 ma/asciidoctor-fixes-more later to maint).
(merge 74cc547b0f mh/pack-protocol-doc-fix later to maint).
(merge ed31851fa6 ab/doc-misc-typofixes later to maint).
(merge a7256debd4 nd/checkout-m-doc-update later to maint).
(merge 3a9e1ad78d jt/t5551-protocol-v2-does-not-have-half-auth later to maint).
(merge 0b918b75af sg/t5318-cleanup later to maint).
(merge 68ed71b53c cb/doco-mono later to maint).
(merge a34dca2451 nd/interpret-trailers-docfix later to maint).
(merge cf7b857a77 en/fast-import-parsing-fix later to maint).
(merge fe61ccbc35 po/rerere-doc-fmt later to maint).
(merge ffea0248bf po/describe-not-necessarily-7 later to maint).
(merge 7cb7283adb tg/ls-files-debug-format-fix later to maint).
(merge f64a21bd82 tz/doc-apostrophe-no-longer-needed later to maint).
(merge dbe7b41019 js/t3301-unbreak-notes-test later to maint).
(merge d8083e4180 km/t3000-retitle later to maint).
(merge 9e4cbccbd7 tz/git-svn-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
(merge da9ca955a7 jk/ls-files-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
(merge 6804ba3a58 cw/diff-highlight later to maint).
(merge 1a8787144d nd/submodule-helper-incomplete-line-fix later to maint).
(merge d9ef573837 jk/apache-lsan later to maint).
(merge c871fbee2b js/t6500-use-windows-pid-on-mingw later to maint).
(merge ce4c7bfc90 bl/t4253-exit-code-from-format-patch later to maint).
(merge 397a46db78 js/t5580-unc-alternate-test later to maint).
(merge d4907720a2 cm/notes-comment-fix later to maint).
(merge 9dde06de13 cb/http-push-null-in-message-fix later to maint).
(merge 4c785c0edc js/rebase-config-bitfix later to maint).
(merge 8e9fe16c87 es/doc-gitsubmodules-markup later to maint).


Changes since v2.21.0 are as follows:

Alban Gruin (18):
sequencer: changes in parse_insn_buffer()
sequencer: make the todo_list structure public
sequencer: remove the 'arg' field from todo_item
sequencer: refactor transform_todos() to work on a todo_list
sequencer: introduce todo_list_write_to_file()
sequencer: refactor check_todo_list() to work on a todo_list
sequencer: refactor sequencer_add_exec_commands() to work on a todo_list
sequencer: refactor rearrange_squash() to work on a todo_list
sequencer: make sequencer_make_script() write its script to a strbuf
sequencer: change complete_action() to use the refactored functions
rebase--interactive: move sequencer_add_exec_commands()
rebase--interactive: move rearrange_squash_in_todo_file()
sequencer: refactor skip_unnecessary_picks() to work on a todo_list
rebase-interactive: use todo_list_write_to_file() in edit_todo_list()
rebase-interactive: append_todo_help() changes
rebase-interactive: rewrite edit_todo_list() to handle the initial edit
sequencer: use edit_todo_list() in complete_action()
rebase--interactive: move transform_todo_file()

Alessandro Menti (1):
l10n: it.po: Updated Italian translation

Alexander Blesius (1):
doc: fix typos in man pages

Alexander Shopov (4):
gitk: Update Bulgarian translation (317t)
l10n: bg.po: Updated Bulgarian translation (4577t)
l10n: bg.po: Updated Bulgarian translation (4580t)
l10n: bg.po: Updated Bulgarian translation (4581t)

Anders Waldenborg (7):
doc: group pretty-format.txt placeholders descriptions
pretty: allow %(trailers) options with explicit value
pretty: single return path in %(trailers) handling
pretty: allow showing specific trailers
pretty: add support for "valueonly" option in %(trailers)
strbuf: separate callback for strbuf_expand:ing literals
pretty: add support for separator option in %(trailers)

Andreas Heiduk (1):
revisions.txt: remove ambibuity between <rev>:<path> and :<path>

Andrei Rybak (1):
t4150: remove unused variable

Baruch Siach (1):
send-email: don't cc *-by lines with '-' prefix

Beat Bolli (1):
unicode: update the width tables to Unicode 12

Ben Peart (1):
read-cache: add post-index-change hook

Boxuan Li (1):
t4253-am-keep-cr-dos: avoid using pipes

Brandon Richardson (1):
commit-tree: utilize parse-options api

Carlo Marcelo Arenas BelÃn (1):
http-push: prevent format overflow warning with gcc >= 9

Chris Mayo (1):
notes: correct documentation of format_display_notes()

Chris. Webster (1):
diff-highlight: use correct /dev/null for UNIX and Windows

Christian Couder (5):
t6050: use test_line_count instead of wc -l
t6050: redirect expected error output to a file
replace: peel tag when passing a tag as parent to --graft
replace: peel tag when passing a tag first to --graft
list-objects-filter: disable 'sparse:path' filters

Christopher DÃaz Riveros (3):
l10n: es: 2.22.0 round 1
l10n: es: 2.22.0 round 2
l10n: es: 2.22.0 round 3

ClÃment Chigot (2):
Makefile: use fileno macro work around on AIX
git-compat-util: work around for access(X_OK) under root

Corentin BOMPARD (2):
doc/CodingGuidelines: URLs and paths as monospace
doc: format pathnames and URLs as monospace.

CÃdric Malard (1):
l10n: fr.po: Review French translation

Damien Robert (1):
ref-filter: use correct branch for %(push:track)

Daniels Umanovskis (1):
branch: introduce --show-current display option

David Aguilar (2):
mergetools: add support for smerge (Sublime Merge)
contrib/completion: add smerge to the mergetool completion candidates

David Kastrup (1):
blame.c: don't drop origin blobs as eagerly

Denton Liu (38):
completion: complete git submodule absorbgitdirs
git-submodule.txt: "--branch <branch>" option defaults to 'master'
submodule--helper: teach config subcommand --unset
submodule: document default behavior
git-reset.txt: clarify documentation
git-clean.txt: clarify ignore pattern files
docs: move core.excludesFile from git-add to gitignore
contrib/subtree: ensure only one rev is provided
midx.c: convert FLEX_ALLOC_MEM to FLEX_ALLOC_STR
tag: fix formatting
submodule: teach set-branch subcommand
tag: advise on nested tags
t7600: clean up style
t3507: clean up style
t7604: clean up style
t7502: clean up style
commit: extract cleanup_mode functions to sequencer
parse-options.h: extract common --cleanup option
merge: cleanup messages like commit
merge: add scissors line on merge conflict
cherry-pick/revert: add scissors line on merge conflict
t7610: unsuppress output
t7610: add mergetool --gui tests
*.[ch]: remove extern from function declarations using spatch
*.[ch]: remove extern from function declarations using sed
*.[ch]: manually align parameter lists
t2018: cleanup in current test
branch: make create_branch accept a merge base rev
revisions.txt: change "rev" to "<rev>"
revisions.txt: mark optional rev arguments with []
revisions.txt: mention <rev>~ form
tag: fix typo in nested tagging hint
mergetool: use get_merge_tool function
mergetool--lib: create gui_mode function
mergetool: fallback to tool when guitool unavailable
difftool: make --gui, --tool and --extcmd mutually exclusive
difftool: fallback on merge.guitool

Derrick Stolee (4):
trace2:data: pack-objects: add trace2 regions
midx: pass a repository pointer
midx: add packs to packed_git linked list
trace2: add variable description to git.txt

Dustin Spicuzza (1):
cvsexportcommit: force crlf translation

Elijah Newren (24):
log,diff-tree: add --combined-all-paths option
merge-options.txt: correct wording of --no-commit option
t9300: demonstrate bug with get-mark and empty orphan commits
git-fast-import.txt: fix wording about where ls command can appear
fast-import: check most prominent commands first
fast-import: only allow cat-blob requests where it makes sense
fast-import: fix erroneous handling of get-mark with empty orphan commits
Use 'unsigned short' for mode, like diff_filespec does
merge-recursive: rename merge_options argument from 'o' to 'opt'
merge-recursive: rename diff_filespec 'one' to 'o'
merge-recursive: rename locals 'o' and 'a' to 'obuf' and 'abuf'
merge-recursive: use 'ci' for rename_conflict_info variable name
merge-recursive: move some struct declarations together
merge-recursive: shrink rename_conflict_info
merge-recursive: remove ren[12]_other fields from rename_conflict_info
merge-recursive: track branch where rename occurred in rename struct
merge-recursive: cleanup handle_rename_* function signatures
merge-recursive: switch from (oid,mode) pairs to a diff_filespec
t6043: fix copied test description to match its purpose
merge-recursive: track information associated with directory renames
merge-recursive: give callers of handle_content_merge() access to contents
merge-recursive: switch directory rename detection default
Honor core.precomposeUnicode in more places
merge-recursive: restore accidentally dropped setting of path

Emily Shaffer (1):
gitsubmodules: align html and nroff lists

Eric Sunshine (1):
check-non-portable-shell: support Perl versions older than 5.10

Eric Wong (1):
repack: enable bitmaps by default on bare repos

Fangyi Zhou (1):
l10n: zh_CN: Revision for git v2.22.0 l10n

Jean-NoÃl Avila (6):
l10n: fr.po remove obsolete entries
Doc: fix misleading asciidoc formating
l10n: fr.po v2.22.0.rnd1
diff: fix mistake in translatable strings
l10n: fr.po v2.22.0 round 2
l10n: fr v2.22.0 rnd 3

Jeff Hostetler (30):
trace2: Documentation/technical/api-trace2.txt
trace2: create new combined trace facility
trace2: collect Windows-specific process information
trace2:data: add trace2 regions to wt-status
trace2:data: add editor/pager child classification
trace2:data: add trace2 sub-process classification
trace2:data: add trace2 transport child classification
trace2:data: add subverb to checkout command
trace2:data: add subverb to reset command
trace2:data: add trace2 hook classification
trace2:data: add subverb for rebase
trace2:data: add trace2 instrumentation to index read/write
trace2: t/helper/test-trace2,,,
trace2: add for_each macros to clang-format
progress: add sparse mode to force 100% complete message
trace2:data: add trace2 data to midx
midx: add progress indicators in multi-pack-index verify
midx: during verify group objects by packfile to speed verification
config: initialize opts structure in repo_read_config()
trace2: refactor setting process starting time
trace2: add absolute elapsed time to start event
trace2: find exec-dir before trace2 initialization
config: add read_very_early_config()
trace2: use system/global config for default trace2 settings
trace2: report peak memory usage of the process
trace2: clarify UTC datetime formatting
trace2: make SIDs more unique
trace2: update docs to describe system/global config settings
trace2: fixup access problem on /etc/gitconfig in read_very_early_config
trace2: fix tracing when NO_PTHREADS is defined

Jeff King (92):
prune: lazily perform reachability traversal
prune: use bitmaps for reachability traversal
prune: check SEEN flag for reachability
t5304: rename "sha1" variables to "oid"
diff: drop options parameter from diffcore_fix_diff_index()
diff: drop unused color reset parameters
diff: drop unused emit data parameter from sane_truncate_line()
diff: drop complete_rewrite parameter from run_external_diff()
merge-recursive: drop several unused parameters
pack-objects: drop unused parameter from oe_map_new_pack()
files-backend: drop refs parameter from split_symref_update()
ref-filter: drop unused buf/sz pairs
ref-filter: drop unused "obj" parameters
ref-filter: drop unused "sz" parameters
diff: reuse diff setup for --no-index case
bisect: use string arguments to feed internal diff-tree
bisect: fix internal diff-tree config loading
bisect: make diff-tree output prettier
fetch: avoid calling write_or_die()
fetch: ignore SIGPIPE during network operation
rev-list: allow cached objects in existence check
doc/fsck: clarify --connectivity-only behavior
fsck: always compute USED flags for unreachable objects
compat/bswap: add include header guards
config: document --type=color output is a complete line
line-log: suppress diff output with "-s"
line-log: detect unsupported formats
point pull requesters to GitGitGadget
Makefile: fix unaligned loads in sha1dc with UBSan
t5310: correctly remove bitmaps for jgit test
pack-objects: default to writing bitmap hash-cache rely on for --tee handling
revision: drop some unused "revs" parameters
log: drop unused rev_info from early output
log: drop unused "len" from show_tagger()
update-index: drop unused prefix_length parameter from do_reupdate()
test-date: drop unused "now" parameter from parse_dates()
unpack-trees: drop name_entry from traverse_by_cache_tree()
unpack-trees: drop unused error_type parameters
report_path_error(): drop unused prefix parameter
fetch_pack(): drop unused parameters
parse-options: drop unused ctx parameter from show_gitcomp()
pretty: drop unused "type" parameter in needs_rfc2047_encoding()
pretty: drop unused strbuf from parse_padding_placeholder()
git: read local config in --list-cmds
completion: fix multiple command removals
parse_opt_ref_sorting: always use with NONEG flag
refs/files-backend: handle packed transaction prepare failure
refs/files-backend: don't look at an aborted transaction
http: factor out curl result code normalization
http: normalize curl results for dumb loose and alternates fetches
http: use normalize_curl_result() instead of manual conversion
revision: use a prio_queue to hold rewritten parents
get_commit_tree(): return NULL for broken tree
rev-list: let traversal die when --missing is not in use
rev-list: detect broken root trees
test-prio-queue: use xmalloc
xdiff: use git-compat-util
xdiff: use xmalloc/xrealloc
progress: use xmalloc/xcalloc
t5516: drop ok=sigpipe from unreachable-want tests
t5530: check protocol response for "not our ref"
upload-pack: send ERR packet for non-tip objects
pkt-line: prepare buffer before handling ERR packets
fetch: use free_refs()
remote.c: make singular free_ref() public
fetch: do not consider peeled tags as advertised tips
packfile.h: drop extern from function declarations
pack-revindex: open index if necessary
t5319: fix bogus cat-file argument
t5319: drop useless --buffer from cat-file
midx: check both pack and index names for containment
packfile: fix pack basename computation
http: simplify parsing of remote objects/info/packs
server-info: fix blind pointer arithmetic
server-info: simplify cleanup in parse_pack_def()
server-info: use strbuf to read old info/packs file
server-info: drop nr_alloc struct member
server-info: drop objdirlen pointer arithmetic
update_info_refs(): drop unused force parameter
t5304: add a test for pruning with bitmaps
untracked-cache: be defensive about missing NULs in index
untracked-cache: simplify parsing by dropping "next"
untracked-cache: simplify parsing by dropping "len"
p5302: create the repo in each index-pack test
doc/ls-files: put nested list for "-t" option into block
t/perf: depend on perl JSON only when using --codespeed
t/perf: add perf script for partial clones
coccicheck: optionally batch spatch invocations
t/lib-httpd: pass LSAN_OPTIONS through apache
coccicheck: make batch size of 0 mean "unlimited"
get_oid: handle NULL repo->index

Jiang Xin (9):
t5323: test cases for git-pack-redundant
pack-redundant: delay creation of unique_objects
pack-redundant: rename pack_list.all_objects
pack-redundant: consistent sort method
l10n: git.pot: v2.22.0 round 1 (270 new, 56 removed)
l10n: git.pot: v2.22.0 round 2 (6 new, 3 removed)
i18n: fix typos found during l10n for git 2.22.0
l10n: git.pot: v2.22.0 round 3 (3 new, 2 removed)
l10n: zh_CN: for git v2.22.0 l10n round 1~3

Joel Teichroeb (5):
stash: improve option parsing test coverage
stash: convert apply to builtin
stash: convert drop and clear to builtin
stash: convert branch to builtin
stash: convert pop to builtin

Joey Hess (1):
convert: avoid malloc of original file size

Johannes Schindelin (67):
ident: add the ability to provide a "fallback identity"
travis: remove the hack to build the Windows job on Azure Pipelines
tests: let --stress-limit=<N> imply --stress
tests: introduce --stress-jobs=<N>
built-in rebase: no need to check out `onto` twice
built-in rebase: use the correct reflog when switching branches
built-in rebase: demonstrate that ORIG_HEAD is not set correctly
built-in rebase: set ORIG_HEAD just once, before the rebase
Makefile: use `git ls-files` to list header files, if possible
curl: anonymize URLs in error messages and warnings
remote-curl: mark all error messages for translation
stash: add back the original, scripted `git stash`
stash: optionally use the scripted version again
tests: add a special setup where stash.useBuiltin is off
legacy stash: fix "rudimentary backport of -q"
built-in stash: handle :(glob) pathspecs again
mingw: drop MakeMaker reference
mingw: allow building with an MSYS2 runtime v3.x
rebase: deprecate --preserve-merges
mingw: respect core.hidedotfiles = false in git-init again
test-lib: introduce 'test_atexit'
git-daemon: use 'test_atexit` to stop 'git-daemon'
git p4 test: use 'test_atexit' to kill p4d and the watchdog process
rebase -i: demonstrate obscure loose object cache bug
sequencer: improve error message when an OID could not be parsed
sequencer: move stale comment into correct location
get_oid(): when an object was not found, try harder
difftool: remove obsolete (and misleading) comment
parse-options: make OPT_ARGUMENT() more useful
difftool: allow running outside Git worktrees with --no-index
docs: move gitremote-helpers into section 7
docs: do not document the `git remote-testgit` command
check-docs: really look at the documented commands again
check-docs: do not expect guide pages to correspond to commands
check-docs: fix for setups where executables have an extension
tests (rebase): spell out the `--keep-empty` option
tests (rebase): spell out the `--force-rebase` option
t7810: do not abbreviate `--no-exclude-standard` nor `--invert-match`
t5531: avoid using an abbreviated option
tests (push): do not abbreviate the `--follow-tags` option
tests (status): spell out the `--find-renames` option in full
tests (pack-objects): use the full, unabbreviated `--revs` option
t3301: fix false negative
untracked cache: fix off-by-one
tests: disallow the use of abbreviated options (by default)
t9822: skip tests if file names cannot be ISO-8859-1 encoded
macOS: make sure that gettext is found
remote-testgit: move it into the support directory for t5801
Makefile: drop the NO_INSTALL variable
help -a: do not list commands that are excluded from the build
check-docs: allow command-list.txt to contain excluded commands
docs: exclude documentation for commands that have been excluded
check-docs: do not bother checking for legacy scripts' documentation
test-tool: handle the `-C <directory>` option just like `git`
Turn `git serve` into a test helper
t5580: verify that alternates can be UNC paths
fsmonitor: demonstrate that it is not refreshed after discard_index()
fsmonitor: force a refresh after the index was discarded
t6500(mingw): use the Windows PID of the shell
difftool --no-index: error out on --dir-diff (and don't crash)
status: fix display of rebase -ir's `label` command
parse-options: adjust `parse_opt_unknown_cb()`s declared return type
stash: document stash.useBuiltin
rebase: replace incorrect logical negation by correct bitwise one
tests: mark a couple more test cases as requiring `rebase -p`
docs: say that `--rebase=preserve` is deprecated
rebase docs: recommend `-r` over `-p`

Jonathan Tan (25):
remote-curl: reduce scope of rpc_state.argv
remote-curl: reduce scope of rpc_state.stdin_preamble
remote-curl: reduce scope of rpc_state.result
remote-curl: refactor reading into rpc_state's buf
remote-curl: use post_rpc() for protocol v2 also
t5601: check ssh command only with protocol v0
tests: always test fetch of unreachable with v0
t5503: fix overspecification of trace expectation
t5512: compensate for v0 only sending HEAD symrefs
t5700: only run with protocol version 1
tests: fix protocol version for overspecifications
t5552: compensate for v2 filtering ref adv.
submodule: explain first attempt failure clearly
t5551: mark half-auth no-op fetch test as v0-only
fetch-pack: call prepare_shallow_info only if v0
fetch-pack: respect --no-update-shallow in v2
sha1-file: support OBJECT_INFO_FOR_PREFETCH
fetch-pack: binary search when storing wanted-refs
diff: batch fetching of missing blobs
pack-objects: write objects packed to trace2
transport: die if server options are unsupported
clone: send server options when using protocol v2
worktree: update is_bare heuristics
fetch-pack: send server options after command

Jordi Mas (2):
l10n: Fixes to Catalan translation
l10n: Update Catalan translation

Josh Steadmon (5):
protocol-capabilities.txt: document symref
trace2: write to directory targets
clone: do faster object check for partial clones
trace2: fix incorrect function pointer check
commit-graph: fix memory leak

Junio C Hamano (19):
test: caution on our version of 'yes'
builtin/log: downcase the beginning of error messages
format-patch: notice failure to open cover letter for writing
Start 2.22 cycle
The second batch
The third batch
The fourth batch
gettext tests: export the restored GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON
The fifth batch
The sixth batch
Makefile: dedup list of files obtained from ls-files
The seventh batch
The eighth batch
Git 2.22-rc0
pkt-line: drop 'const'-ness of a param to set_packet_header()
Git 2.22-rc1
Git 2.22-rc2
Git 2.22-rc3
Git 2.22

Kyle Meyer (5):
rebase docs: fix "gitlink" typo
submodule: refuse to add repository with no commits
dir: do not traverse repositories with no commits
add: error appropriately on repository with no commits
t3000 (ls-files -o): widen description to reflect current tests

Martin Ãgren (14):
setup: free old value before setting `work_tree`
setup: fix memory leaks with `struct repository_format`
config/diff.txt: drop spurious backtick
config/fsck.txt: avoid starting line with dash
git.txt: remove empty line before list continuation
git-svn.txt: drop escaping '\' that ends up being rendered
Documentation: turn middle-of-line tabs into spaces
Documentation/Makefile: add missing xsl dependencies for manpages
Documentation/Makefile: add missing dependency on asciidoctor-extensions
asciidoctor-extensions: fix spurious space after linkgit
Doc: auto-detect changed build flags
doc-diff: let `render_tree()` take an explicit directory name
doc-diff: support diffing from/to AsciiDoc(tor)
doc-diff: add `--cut-header-footer`

Matthew Kraai (1):
t3903: add test for --intent-to-add file

Matthias RÃster (2):
l10n: TEAMS: Change German translation team leader
l10n: de.po: Update German translation

Michal Suchanek (1):
worktree: fix worktree add race

Mike Hommey (2):
fix pack protocol example client/server communication
Make fread/fwrite-like functions in http.c more like fread/fwrite.

Nguyán ThÃi Ngác Duy (129):
parse-options.h: remove extern on function prototypes
parse-options: add one-shot mode
parse-options: disable option abbreviation with PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN
parse-options: add OPT_BITOP()
parse-options: stop abusing 'callback' for lowlevel callbacks
parse-options: avoid magic return codes
parse-options: allow ll_callback with OPTION_CALLBACK
diff.h: keep forward struct declarations sorted
diff.h: avoid bit fields in struct diff_flags
diff.c: prepare to use parse_options() for parsing
diff.c: convert -u|-p|--patch
diff.c: convert -U|--unified
diff.c: convert -W|--[no-]function-context
diff.c: convert --raw
read-cache.c: fix writing "link" index ext with null base oid
completion: add more parameter value completion
diff-parseopt: convert --patch-with-raw
diff-parseopt: convert --numstat and --shortstat
diff-parseopt: convert --dirstat and friends
diff-parseopt: convert --check
diff-parseopt: convert --summary
diff-parseopt: convert --patch-with-stat
diff-parseopt: convert --name-only
diff-parseopt: convert --name-status
diff-parseopt: convert -s|--no-patch
diff-parseopt: convert --stat*
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]compact-summary
diff-parseopt: convert --output-*
diff-parseopt: convert -B|--break-rewrites
diff-parseopt: convert -M|--find-renames
diff-parseopt: convert -D|--irreversible-delete
diff-parseopt: convert -C|--find-copies
diff-parseopt: convert --find-copies-harder
diff-parseopt: convert --no-renames|--[no--rename-empty
diff-parseopt: convert --relative
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]minimal
diff-parseopt: convert --ignore-some-changes
Delete check-racy.c
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]indent-heuristic
diff-parseopt: convert --patience
diff-parseopt: convert --histogram
diff-parseopt: convert --diff-algorithm
diff-parseopt: convert --anchored
diff-parseopt: convert --binary
diff-parseopt: convert --full-index
diff-parseopt: convert -a|--text
diff-parseopt: convert -R
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]follow
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]color
diff-parseopt: convert --word-diff
diff-parseopt: convert --word-diff-regex
diff-parseopt: convert --color-words
diff-parseopt: convert --exit-code
diff-parseopt: convert --quiet
diff-parseopt: convert --ext-diff
diff-parseopt: convert --textconv
diff-parseopt: convert --ignore-submodules
diff-parseopt: convert --submodule
files-backend.c: factor out per-worktree code in loose_fill_ref_dir()
files-backend.c: reduce duplication in add_per_worktree_entries_to_dir()
Make sure refs/rewritten/ is per-worktree
unpack-trees: fix oneway_merge accidentally carry over stage index
checkout.txt: note about losing staged changes with --merge
commit: improve error message in "-a <paths>" case
unpack-trees: keep gently check inside add_rejected_path
unpack-trees: rename "gently" flag to "quiet"
read-tree: add --quiet
checkout: prevent losing staged changes with --merge
diff-parseopt: convert --ws-error-highlight
diff-parseopt: convert --ita-[in]visible-in-index
diff-parseopt: convert -z
diff-parseopt: convert -l
diff-parseopt: convert -S|-G
diff-parseopt: convert --pickaxe-all|--pickaxe-regex
diff-parseopt: convert -O
diff-parseopt: convert --find-object
diff-parseopt: convert --diff-filter
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]abbrev
diff-parseopt: convert --[src|dst]-prefix
diff-parseopt: convert --line-prefix
diff-parseopt: convert --no-prefix
diff-parseopt: convert --inter-hunk-context
diff-parseopt: convert --[no-]color-moved
diff-parseopt: convert --color-moved-ws
diff.c: allow --no-color-moved-ws
range-diff: use parse_options() instead of diff_opt_parse()
diff --no-index: use parse_options() instead of diff_opt_parse()
am: avoid diff_opt_parse()
config: correct '**' matching in includeIf patterns
interpret-trailers.txt: start the desc line with a capital letter
read-tree.txt: clarify --reset and worktree changes
packfile.c: add repo_approximate_object_count()
refs.c: add refs_ref_exists()
refs.c: add refs_shorten_unambiguous_ref()
refs.c: remove the_repo from substitute_branch_name()
refs.c: remove the_repo from expand_ref()
refs.c: add repo_dwim_ref()
refs.c: add repo_dwim_log()
refs.c: remove the_repo from read_ref_at()
submodule foreach: fix "<command> --quiet" not being respected
commit.cocci: refactor code, avoid double rewrite
commit.c: add repo_get_commit_tree()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from sort_ambiguous()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from find_abbrev_len_packed()
sha1-name.c: add repo_find_unique_abbrev_r()
sha1-name.c: store and use repo in struct disambiguate_state
sha1-name.c: add repo_for_each_abbrev()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_short_oid()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from interpret_nth_prior_checkout()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from interpret_branch_mark()
sha1-name.c: add repo_interpret_branch_name()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_oid_oneline()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_describe_name()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_oid_basic()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_oid_1()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from handle_one_ref()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from diagnose_invalid_index_path()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from resolve_relative_path()
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_oid_with_context_1()
sha1-name.c: add repo_get_oid()
submodule-config.c: use repo_get_oid for reading .gitmodules
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from maybe_die_on_misspelt_object_name
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from other get_oid_*
sha1-name.c: remove the_repo from get_oid_mb()
parse-options: don't emit "ambiguous option" for aliases
submodule--helper: add a missing \n
diff-parseopt: correct variable types that are used by parseopt
diff-parseopt: restore -U (no argument) behavior
parse-options: check empty value in OPT_INTEGER and OPT_ABBREV

Paul-Sebastian Ungureanu (17):
sha1-name.c: add `get_oidf()` which acts like `get_oid()`
strbuf.c: add `strbuf_join_argv()`
strbuf.c: add `strbuf_insertf()` and `strbuf_vinsertf()`
t3903: modernize style
stash: rename test cases to be more descriptive
stash: add tests for `git stash show` config
stash: mention options in `show` synopsis
stash: convert list to builtin
stash: convert show to builtin
stash: convert store to builtin
stash: convert create to builtin
stash: convert push to builtin
stash: make push -q quiet
stash: convert save to builtin
stash: optimize `get_untracked_files()` and `check_changes()`
stash: replace all `write-tree` child processes with API calls
stash: convert `stash--helper.c` into `stash.c`

Peter Krefting (2):
l10n: sv.po: Update Swedish translation
l10n: sv.po: Update Swedish translation (4577t0f0u)

Philip Oakley (2):
rerere doc: quote `rerere.enabled`
describe doc: remove '7-char' abbreviation reference

Phillip Wood (21):
am/cherry-pick/rebase/revert: document --rerere-autoupdate
merge: tweak --rerere-autoupdate documentation
sequencer: break some long lines
cherry-pick: demonstrate option amnesia
cherry-pick --continue: remember options
commit/reset: try to clean up sequencer state
fix cherry-pick/revert status after commit
sequencer: fix cleanup with --signoff and -x
sequencer.c: save and restore cleanup mode
sequencer: always discard index after checkout
rebase: don't translate trace strings
rebase: rename write_basic_state()
rebase -i: combine rebase--interactive.c with rebase.c
rebase -i: remove duplication
rebase -i: use struct commit when parsing options
rebase -i: use struct object_id for squash_onto
rebase -i: use struct rebase_options to parse args
rebase -i: use struct rebase_options in do_interactive_rebase()
rebase: use a common action enum
rebase -i: run without forking rebase--interactive

Ralf Thielow (1):
l10n: de.po: improve description of 'git reset --quiet'

Ramsay Jones (2):
prune-packed: check for too many arguments
Makefile: fix 'hdr-check' when GCRYPT not installed

Renà Scharfe (1):
get-tar-commit-id: parse comment record

Robert P. J. Day (3):
mention use of "hooks.allownonascii" in "man githooks"
docs/git-gc: fix typo "--prune=all" to "--prune=now"
attr.c: ".gitattribute" -> ".gitattributes" (comments)

Rohit Ashiwal (3):
test functions: add function `test_file_not_empty`
t3600: modernize style
t3600: use helpers to replace test -d/f/e/s <path>

SZEDER GÃbor (27):
test-lib: fix interrupt handling with 'dash' and '--verbose-log -x'
t/lib-git-daemon: make sure to kill the 'git-daemon' process
tests: use 'test_atexit' to stop httpd
t0301-credential-cache: use 'test_atexit' to stop the credentials helper
git p4 test: clean up the p4d cleanup functions
git p4 test: simplify timeout handling
git p4 test: disable '-x' tracing in the p4d watchdog loop
t9811-git-p4-label-import: fix pipeline negation
t5318-commit-graph: remove unused variable
Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt: fix formatting
Documentation/technical/api-config.txt: fix formatting
Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt: fix formatting
ci: install Asciidoctor in 'ci/'
index-pack: show progress while checking objects
ci: stick with Asciidoctor v1.5.8 for now
ci: fix AsciiDoc/Asciidoctor stderr check in the documentation build job
progress: make display_progress() return void
progress: assemble percentage and counters in a strbuf before printing
blame: default to HEAD in a bare repo when no start commit is given
builtin rebase: use FREE_AND_NULL
builtin rebase: use oideq()
progress: clear previous progress update dynamically
progress: break too long progress bar lines
ci: install 'libsvn-perl' instead of 'git-svn'
trace2: rename environment variables to GIT_TRACE2*
trace2: document the supported values of GIT_TRACE2* env variables
progress: avoid empty line when breaking the progress line

Sun Chao (2):
pack-redundant: delete redundant code
pack-redundant: new algorithm to find min packs

Sven Strickroth (1):
MSVC: include compat/win32/path-utils.h for MSVC, too, for real_path()

Tanushree Tumane (1):
mingw: remove obsolete IPv6-related code

Taylor Blau (4):
t: move 'hex2oct' into
t: introduce tests for unexpected object types
list-objects.c: handle unexpected non-blob entries
list-objects.c: handle unexpected non-tree entries

Thomas Gummerer (15):
move worktree tests to t24*
entry: factor out unlink_entry function
entry: support CE_WT_REMOVE flag in checkout_entry
read-cache: add invalidate parameter to remove_marked_cache_entries
checkout: clarify comment
checkout: factor out mark_cache_entry_for_checkout function
checkout: introduce --{,no-}overlay option
checkout: introduce checkout.overlayMode config
revert "checkout: introduce checkout.overlayMode config"
ident: don't require calling prepare_fallback_ident first
stash: drop unused parameter
stash: pass pathspec as pointer
glossary: add definition for overlay
stash: setup default diff output format if necessary
ls-files: use correct format string

Todd Zullinger (9):
t4038-diff-combined: quote paths with whitespace
t9902: test multiple removals via completion.commands
completion: use __git when calling --list-cmds
Documentation/rev-list-options: wrap --date=<format> block with "--"
Documentation/git-status: fix titles in porcelain v2 section
Documentation/git-svn: improve asciidoctor compatibility
Documentation/git-show-branch: avoid literal {apostrophe}
test-lib: try harder to ensure a working jgit
RelNotes: minor typo fixes in 2.22.0 draft

Torsten BÃgershausen (1):
trace2: NULL is not allowed for va_list

Trán Ngác QuÃn (4):
l10n: Updated Vietnamese translation for v2.21 rd2
l10n: vi.po(4577t): Updated Vietnamese translation for v2.22.0 round 1
l10n: vi.po(4580t): Updated Vietnamese translation for v2.22.0 round 2
l10n: vi.po(4581t): Updated Vietnamese translation for v2.22.0 round 3

Vadim Kochan (1):
autoconf: #include <libintl.h> when checking for gettext()

William Hubbs (1):
config: allow giving separate author and committer idents

Yash Bhatambare (1):
gitattributes.txt: fix typo

brian m. carlson (35):
t/lib-submodule-update: use appropriate length constant
khash: move oid hash table definition
pack-bitmap: make bitmap header handling hash agnostic
pack-bitmap: convert struct stored_bitmap to object_id
pack-bitmap: replace sha1_to_hex
pack-bitmap: switch hard-coded constants to the_hash_algo
pack-bitmap: switch hash tables to use struct object_id
submodule: avoid hard-coded constants
notes-merge: switch to use the_hash_algo
notes: make hash size independent
notes: replace sha1_to_hex
object-store: rename and expand packed_git's sha1 member
builtin/name-rev: make hash-size independent
fast-import: make hash-size independent
fast-import: replace sha1_to_hex
builtin/am: make hash size independent
builtin/pull: make hash-size independent
http-push: convert to use the_hash_algo
http-backend: allow 64-character hex names
http-push: remove remaining uses of sha1_to_hex
http-walker: replace sha1_to_hex
http: replace hard-coded constant with the_hash_algo
http: compute hash of downloaded objects using the_hash_algo
http: replace sha1_to_hex
remote-curl: make hash size independent
hash: add a function to lookup hash algorithm by length
builtin/get-tar-commit-id: make hash size independent
archive: convert struct archiver_args to object_id
refspec: make hash size independent
builtin/difftool: use parse_oid_hex
dir: make untracked cache extension hash size independent
read-cache: read data in a hash-independent way make hash size independent
gitweb: make hash size independent
send-email: default to quoted-printable when CR is present

Ãvar ArnfjÃrà Bjarmason (44):
receive-pack: fix use-after-free bug
commit-graph tests: split up corrupt_graph_and_verify()
commit-graph tests: test a graph that's too small
Makefile: remove an out-of-date comment
Makefile: move "strip" assignment down from flags
Makefile: add/remove comments at top and tweak whitespace
Makefile: Move *_LIBS assignment into its own section
Makefile: move the setting of *FLAGS closer to "include"
Makefile: allow for combining DEVELOPER=1 and CFLAGS="..."
gc: remove redundant check for gc_auto_threshold
gc: convert to using the_hash_algo
gc: refactor a "call me once" pattern
reflog tests: make use of "test_config" idiom
reflog tests: test for the "points nowhere" warning
rebase: remove the rebase.useBuiltin setting
gc docs: modernize the advice for manually running "gc"
gc docs: stop noting "repack" flags
gc docs: clean grammar for "gc.bigPackThreshold"
commit-graph: fix segfault on e.g. "git status"
commit-graph: don't early exit(1) on e.g. "git status"
commit-graph: don't pass filename to load_commit_graph_one_fd_st()
commit-graph verify: detect inability to read the graph
commit-graph write: don't die if the existing graph is corrupt
commit-graph: improve & i18n error messages
reflog tests: assert lack of early exit with expiry="never"
gc: handle & check gc.reflogExpire config
test-lib: whitelist GIT_TR2_* in the environment
gc docs: include the "gc.*" section from "config" in "gc"
gc docs: re-flow the "gc.*" section in "config"
gc docs: fix formatting for "gc.writeCommitGraph"
gc docs: note how --aggressive impacts --window & --depth
gc docs: downplay the usefulness of --aggressive
gc docs: note "gc --aggressive" in "fast-import"
gc docs: clarify that "gc" doesn't throw away referenced objects
gc docs: remove incorrect reference to
perf README: correct docs for 3c8f12c96c regression
perf aggregate: remove GIT_TEST_INSTALLED from --codespeed make "./run <revisions>" use the correct gits remove GIT_TEST_INSTALLED from
perf tests: add "bindir" prefix to git tree test results forbid the use of GIT_TEST_INSTALLED
trace2: fix up a missing "leave" entry point
trace2: fix up a missing "leave" entry point
sha1dc: update from upstream

Äsmail DÃnmez (2):
mingw: do not let ld strip relocations
mingw: enable DEP and ASLR

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