Re: [PATCH v5 2/2] kvm: Use huge pages for DAX-backed files

From: Sean Christopherson
Date: Fri Dec 13 2019 - 12:19:54 EST

On Fri, Dec 13, 2019 at 03:07:31AM +0200, Liran Alon wrote:
> > On 12 Dec 2019, at 21:55, Barret Rhoden <brho@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> >>>> Note that KVM already faulted in the page (or huge page) in the host's
> >>>> page table, and we hold the KVM mmu spinlock. We grabbed that lock in
> >>>> kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end, before checking the mmu seq.
> >>>>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Barret Rhoden <brho@xxxxxxxxxx>
> >>>
> >>> I donât think the right place to change for this functionality is
> >>> transparent_hugepage_adjust() which is meant to handle PFNs that are
> >>> mapped as part of a transparent huge-page.
> >>>
> >>> For example, this would prevent mapping DAX-backed file page as 1GB. As
> >>> transparent_hugepage_adjust() only handles the case (level ==

Teaching thp_adjust() how to handle 1GB wouldn't be a bad thing. It's
unlikely THP itself will support 1GB pages any time soon, but having the
logic there wouldn't hurt anything.

> >>> As you are parsing the page-tables to discover the page-size the PFN is
> >>> mapped in, I think you should instead modify kvm_host_page_size() to
> >>> parse page-tables instead of rely on vma_kernel_pagesize() (Which relies
> >>> on vma->vm_ops->pagesize()) in case of is_zone_device_page().
> >>>
> >>> The main complication though of doing this is that at this point you
> >>> donât yet have the PFN that is retrieved by try_async_pf(). So maybe you
> >>> should consider modifying the order of calls in tdp_page_fault() &
> >>> FNAME(page_fault)().
> >>>
> >>> -Liran
> >> Or alternatively when thinking about it more, maybe just rename
> >> transparent_hugepage_adjust() to not be specific to THP and better handle
> >> the case of parsing page-tables changing mapping-level to 1GB.
> >> That is probably easier and more elegant.


> > I can rename it to hugepage_adjust(), since it's not just THP anymore.

Or maybe allowed_hugepage_adjust()? To pair with disallowed_hugepage_adjust(),
which adjusts KVM's page size in the opposite direction to avoid the iTLB
multi-hit issue.

> Sounds good.
> >
> > I was a little hesitant to change the this to handle 1 GB pages with this
> > patchset at first. I didn't want to break the non-DAX case stuff by doing
> > so.
> Why would it affect non-DAX case?
> Your patch should just make hugepage_adjust() to parse page-tables only in case is_zone_device_page(). Otherwise, page tables shouldnât be parsed.
> i.e. THP merged pages should still be detected by PageTransCompoundMap().

I think what Barret is saying is that teaching thp_adjust() how to do 1gb
mappings would naturally affect the code path for THP pages. But I agree
that it would be superficial.

> > Specifically, can a THP page be 1 GB, and if so, how can you tell? If you
> > can't tell easily, I could walk the page table for all cases, instead of
> > just zone_device().

No, THP doesn't currently support 1gb pages. Expliciting returning
PMD_SIZE on PageTransCompoundMap() would be a good thing from a readability

> I prefer to walk page-tables only for is_zone_device_page().
> >
> > I'd also have to drop the "level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL" check, I think,
> > which would open this up to hugetlbfs pages (based on the comments). Is
> > there any reason why that would be a bad idea?

No, the "level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL" check is to filter out the case
where KVM is already planning on using a large page, e.g. when the memory
is backed by hugetlbs.

> KVM already supports mapping 1GB hugetlbfs pages. As level is set to
> PUD-level by
> tdp_page_fault()->mapping_level()->host_mapping_level()->kvm_host_page_size()->vma_kernel_pagesize().
> As VMA which is mmap of hugetlbfs sets vma->vm_ops to hugetlb_vm_ops() where
> hugetlb_vm_op_pagesize() will return appropriate page-size.
> Specifically, I donât think THP ever merges small pages to 1GB pages. I think
> this is why transparent_hugepage_adjust() checks PageTransCompoundMap() only
> in case level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL. I think you should keep this check in
> the case of !is_zone_device_page().

I would add 1gb support for DAX as a third patch in this series. To pave
the way in patch 2/2, change it to replace "bool pfn_is_huge_mapped()" with
"int host_pfn_mapping_level()", and maybe also renaming host_mapping_level()
to host_vma_mapping_level() to avoid confusion.

Then allowed_hugepage_adjust() would look something like:

static void allowed_hugepage_adjust(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
kvm_pfn_t *pfnp, int *levelp, int max_level)
kvm_pfn_t pfn = *pfnp;
int level = *levelp;
unsigned long mask;

if (is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn) || !kvm_is_reserved_pfn(pfn) ||

* mmu_notifier_retry() was successful and mmu_lock is held, so
* the pmd/pud can't be split from under us.
level = host_pfn_mapping_level(vcpu->kvm, gfn, pfn);

*levelp = level = min(level, max_level);
mask = KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level) - 1;
VM_BUG_ON((gfn & mask) != (pfn & mask));
*pfnp = pfn & ~mask;