Re: [net-next v6 PATCH 1/2] page_pool: handle page recycle for NUMA_NO_NODE condition

From: Jesper Dangaard Brouer
Date: Thu Jan 02 2020 - 06:46:29 EST

On Mon, 30 Dec 2019 09:59:23 +0800
Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On 2019/12/28 1:13, Jesper Dangaard Brouer wrote:
> > The check in pool_page_reusable (page_to_nid(page) == pool->p.nid) is
> > not valid if page_pool was configured with pool->p.nid = NUMA_NO_NODE.
> >
> > The goal of the NUMA changes in commit d5394610b1ba ("page_pool: Don't
> > recycle non-reusable pages"), were to have RX-pages that belongs to the
> > same NUMA node as the CPU processing RX-packet during softirq/NAPI. As
> > illustrated by the performance measurements.
> >
> > This patch moves the NAPI checks out of fast-path, and at the same time
> > solves the NUMA_NO_NODE issue.
> There seems to be a minor NUMA_NO_NODE case that has not been handled by
> this patch yet:
> 1. When the page is always recycled to pool->alloc.cache.
> 2. And page_pool_alloc_pages always return pages from pool->alloc.cache.
> Then non-local page will be reused when the rx NAPI affinity changes.
> Of coure we can handle above by calling page_pool_update_nid(), which
> may require very user to call page_pool_update_nid() explicitly even
> the user has specify the pool->p.nid as NUMA_NO_NODE.
> Any consideration for above case?

Yes, I tried to explain below, that "we accept that transitioning the
alloc cache doesn't happen immediately.". Thus, I've not forgotten
about this case, and I still consider this patch correct.

You have to consider/understand how this page_pool cache is used. The
alloc cache can only get "recycled" pages in rare situations. The case
basically only happen for XDP_DROP (which have extreme performance
needs). Sure, in a 100% XDP_DROP case, then your described case can
happen, but that case is unlikely/useless in real-life production. Some
packets must be let through, which will have to travel through the
ptr_ring, where the NUMA check is done. Thus, pages will eventually
transition to the new NAPI node of the new IRQ-CPU.

> >
> > First realize that alloc_pages_node() with pool->p.nid = NUMA_NO_NODE
> > will lookup current CPU nid (Numa ID) via numa_mem_id(), which is used
> > as the the preferred nid. It is only in rare situations, where
> > e.g. NUMA zone runs dry, that page gets doesn't get allocated from
> > preferred nid. The page_pool API allows drivers to control the nid
> > themselves via controlling pool->p.nid.
> >
> > This patch moves the NAPI check to when alloc cache is refilled, via
> > dequeuing/consuming pages from the ptr_ring. Thus, we can allow placing
> > pages from remote NUMA into the ptr_ring, as the dequeue/consume step
> > will check the NUMA node. All current drivers using page_pool will
> > alloc/refill RX-ring from same CPU running softirq/NAPI process.
> >
> > Drivers that control the nid explicitly, also use page_pool_update_nid
> > when changing nid runtime. To speed up transision to new nid the alloc
> > cache is now flushed on nid changes. This force pages to come from
> > ptr_ring, which does the appropate nid check.
> >
> > For the NUMA_NO_NODE case, when a NIC IRQ is moved to another NUMA
> > node, we accept that transitioning the alloc cache doesn't happen
> > immediately. The preferred nid change runtime via consulting
> > numa_mem_id() based on the CPU processing RX-packets.

This is the section, where I say: "we accept that transitioning the
alloc cache doesn't happen immediately. "

> > Notice, to avoid stressing the page buddy allocator and avoid doing too
> > much work under softirq with preempt disabled, the NUMA check at
> > ptr_ring dequeue will break the refill cycle, when detecting a NUMA
> > mismatch. This will cause a slower transition, but its done on purpose.
> >
> > Fixes: d5394610b1ba ("page_pool: Don't recycle non-reusable pages")
> > Reported-by: Li RongQing <lirongqing@xxxxxxxxx>
> > Reported-by: Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@xxxxxxxxxx>

Best regards,
Jesper Dangaard Brouer
MSc.CS, Principal Kernel Engineer at Red Hat