[PATCH v16 9/9] mm: Add free page reporting documentation

From: Alexander Duyck
Date: Fri Jan 03 2020 - 16:17:14 EST

From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Add documentation for free page reporting. Currently the only consumer is
virtio-balloon, however it is possible that other drivers might make use of
this so it is best to add a bit of documetation explaining at a high level
how to use the API.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 41 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst b/Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..33f54a450a4a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+.. _free_page_reporting:
+Free Page Reporting
+Free page reporting is an API by which a device can register to receive
+lists of pages that are currently unused by the system. This is useful in
+the case of virtualization where a guest is then able to use this data to
+notify the hypervisor that it is no longer using certain pages in memory.
+For the driver, typically a balloon driver, to use of this functionality
+it will allocate and initialize a page_reporting_dev_info structure. The
+field within the structure it will populate is the "report" function
+pointer used to process the scatterlist. It must also guarantee that it can
+handle at least PAGE_REPORTING_CAPACITY worth of scatterlist entries per
+call to the function. A call to page_reporting_register will register the
+page reporting interface with the reporting framework assuming no other
+page reporting devices are already registered.
+Once registered the page reporting API will begin reporting batches of
+pages to the driver. The API will start reporting pages 2 seconds after
+the interface is registered and will continue to do so 2 seconds after any
+page of a sufficiently high order is freed.
+Pages reported will be stored in the scatterlist passed to the reporting
+function with the final entry having the end bit set in entry nent - 1.
+While pages are being processed by the report function they will not be
+accessible to the allocator. Once the report function has been completed
+the pages will be returned to the free area from which they were obtained.
+Prior to removing a driver that is making use of free page reporting it
+is necessary to call page_reporting_unregister to have the
+page_reporting_dev_info structure that is currently in use by free page
+reporting removed. Doing this will prevent further reports from being
+issued via the interface. If another driver or the same driver is
+registered it is possible for it to resume where the previous driver had
+left off in terms of reporting free pages.
+Alexander Duyck, Dec 04, 2019