Re: [PATCH bpf] bpf: cgroup: prevent out-of-order release of cgroup bpf
From: Alexei Starovoitov
Date: Mon Jan 06 2020 - 17:07:53 EST
On Sat, Jan 04, 2020 at 03:00:46AM +0000, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 03, 2020 at 06:31:14PM -0800, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > On Sat, Jan 04, 2020 at 01:13:24AM +0000, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> > > On Fri, Jan 03, 2020 at 04:35:25PM -0800, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > > > On Fri, Dec 27, 2019 at 01:50:34PM -0800, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> > > > > Before commit 4bfc0bb2c60e ("bpf: decouple the lifetime of cgroup_bpf
> > > > > from cgroup itself") cgroup bpf structures were released with
> > > > > corresponding cgroup structures. It guaranteed the hierarchical order
> > > > > of destruction: children were always first. It preserved attached
> > > > > programs from being released before their propagated copies.
> > > > >
> > > > > But with cgroup auto-detachment there are no such guarantees anymore:
> > > > > cgroup bpf is released as soon as the cgroup is offline and there are
> > > > > no live associated sockets. It means that an attached program can be
> > > > > detached and released, while its propagated copy is still living
> > > > > in the cgroup subtree. This will obviously lead to an use-after-free
> > > > > bug.
> > > > ...
> > > > > @@ -65,6 +65,9 @@ static void cgroup_bpf_release(struct work_struct *work)
> > > > >
> > > > > mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex);
> > > > >
> > > > > + for (p = cgroup_parent(cgrp); p; p = cgroup_parent(p))
> > > > > + cgroup_bpf_put(p);
> > > > > +
> > > >
> > > > The fix makes sense, but is it really safe to walk cgroup hierarchy
> > > > without holding cgroup_mutex?
> > >
> > > It is, because we're holding a reference to the original cgroup and going
> > > towards the root. On each level the cgroup is protected by a reference
> > > from their child cgroup.
> > cgroup_bpf_put(p) can make bpf.refcnt zero which may call cgroup_bpf_release()
> > on another cpu which will do cgroup_put() and this cpu p = cgroup_parent(p)
> > would be use-after-free?
> > May be not due to the way work_queues are implemented.
> > But it feels dangerous to have such delicate release logic.
> If I understand your concern correctly: you assume that parent's
> cgroup_bpf_release() can be finished prior to the child's one and
> the final cgroup_put() will release the parent?
> If so, it's not possible, because the child hold a reference to the
> parent (independent to all cgroup bpf stuff), which exists at least
> until the final cgroup_put() in cgroup_bpf_release(). Please, look
> at css_free_rwork_fn() for details.
> > Why not to move the loop under the mutex and make things obvious?
> Traversing the cgroup tree to the root cgroup without additional
> locking seems pretty common to me. You can find a ton of examples in
> mm/memcontrol.c. So it doesn't look scary or adventurous to me.
> I think it doesn't matter that much here, so I'm ok with putting it
> under the mutex, but IMO it won't make the code any safer.
> cc Tejun for the second opinion on cgroup locking
Checked with TJ offline. This seems fine.
I tweaked commit log:
- extra 'diff' lines were confusing 'git am'
- commit description shouldn't be split into multiline
And applied to bpf tree. Thanks