Re: [PATCH v8 0/5] support reserving crashkernel above 4G on arm64 kdump
From: Baoquan He
Date: Mon May 25 2020 - 21:43:08 EST
On 05/21/20 at 05:38pm, Chen Zhou wrote:
> This patch series enable reserving crashkernel above 4G in arm64.
> There are following issues in arm64 kdump:
> 1. We use crashkernel=X to reserve crashkernel below 4G, which will fail
> when there is no enough low memory.
> 2. Currently, crashkernel=Y@X can be used to reserve crashkernel above 4G,
> in this case, if swiotlb or DMA buffers are required, crash dump kernel
> will boot failure because there is no low memory available for allocation.
> To solve these issues, introduce crashkernel=X,low to reserve specified
> size low memory.
> Crashkernel=X tries to reserve memory for the crash dump kernel under
> 4G. If crashkernel=Y,low is specified simultaneously, reserve spcified
> size low memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then reserve
> memory above 4G.
> When crashkernel is reserved above 4G in memory, that is, crashkernel=X,low
> is specified simultaneously, kernel should reserve specified size low memory
> for crash dump kernel devices. So there may be two crash kernel regions, one
> is below 4G, the other is above 4G.
> In order to distinct from the high region and make no effect to the use of
> kexec-tools, rename the low region as "Crash kernel (low)", and add DT property
> "linux,low-memory-range" to crash dump kernel's dtb to pass the low region.
> Besides, we need to modify kexec-tools:
> arm64: kdump: add another DT property to crash dump kernel's dtb(see )
> The previous changes and discussions can be retrieved from:
> Changes since [v7]
> - Move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M
> Suggested by Dave and do some test, move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M.
OK, moving x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M is suggested by Dave. Because
CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN can be selected from 2M to 16M. So 2M seems good.
But, anyway, we should tell the reason why it need be changed in commit
hex "Alignment value to which kernel should be aligned"
range 0x2000 0x1000000 if X86_32
range 0x200000 0x1000000 if X86_64
> - Update Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> Add corresponding documentation to Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt suggested by Arnd.
> - Add Tested-by from Jhon and pk
> Changes since [v6]
> - Fix build errors reported by kbuild test robot.
> Changes since [v5]
> - Move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kernel/crash_core.c.
> - Delete crashkernel=X,high.
And the crashkernel=X,high being deleted need be told too. Otherwise
people reading the commit have to check why themselves. I didn't follow
the old version, can't see why ,high can't be specified explicitly.
> - Modify crashkernel=X,low.
> If crashkernel=X,low is specified simultaneously, reserve spcified size low
> memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then reserve memory above 4G.
> In addition, rename crashk_low_res as "Crash kernel (low)" for arm64, and then
> pass to crash dump kernel by DT property "linux,low-memory-range".
> - Update Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst.
> Changes since [v4]
> - Reimplement memblock_cap_memory_ranges for multiple ranges by Mike.
> Changes since [v3]
> - Add memblock_cap_memory_ranges back for multiple ranges.
> - Fix some compiling warnings.
> Changes since [v2]
> - Split patch "arm64: kdump: support reserving crashkernel above 4G" as
> two. Put "move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kexec_core.c" in a separate
> Changes since [v1]:
> - Move common reserve_crashkernel_low() code into kernel/kexec_core.c.
> - Remove memblock_cap_memory_ranges() i added in v1 and implement that
> in fdt_enforce_memory_region().
> There are at most two crash kernel regions, for two crash kernel regions
> case, we cap the memory range [min(regs[*].start), max(regs[*].end)]
> and then remove the memory range in the middle.
> : http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/kexec/2020-May/025128.html
> [v1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/2/1174
> [v2]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/86
> [v3]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/306
> [v4]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/15/273
> [v5]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/5/6/1360
> [v6]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/30/142
> [v7]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/12/23/411
> Chen Zhou (5):
> x86: kdump: move reserve_crashkernel_low() into crash_core.c
> arm64: kdump: reserve crashkenel above 4G for crash dump kernel
> arm64: kdump: add memory for devices by DT property, low-memory-range
> kdump: update Documentation about crashkernel on arm64
> dt-bindings: chosen: Document linux,low-memory-range for arm64 kdump
> Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst | 13 ++-
> .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 12 ++-
> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt | 25 ++++++
> arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 8 +-
> arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 61 ++++++++++++-
> arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 66 ++------------
> include/linux/crash_core.h | 3 +
> include/linux/kexec.h | 2 -
> kernel/crash_core.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/kexec_core.c | 17 ----
> 10 files changed, 208 insertions(+), 84 deletions(-)
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