[PATCH v31 17/21] x86/traps: Attempt to fixup exceptions in vDSO before signaling

From: Jarkko Sakkinen
Date: Sun May 31 2020 - 21:20:31 EST

From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@xxxxxxxxx>

vDSO functions can now leverage an exception fixup mechanism similar to
kernel exception fixup. For vDSO exception fixup, the initial user is
Intel's Software Guard Extensions (SGX), which will wrap the low-level
transitions to/from the enclave, i.e. EENTER and ERESUME instructions,
in a vDSO function and leverage fixup to intercept exceptions that would
otherwise generate a signal. This allows the vDSO wrapper to return the
fault information directly to its caller, obviating the need for SGX
applications and libraries to juggle signal handlers.

Attempt to fixup vDSO exceptions immediately prior to populating and
sending signal information. Except for the delivery mechanism, an
exception in a vDSO function should be treated like any other exception
in userspace, e.g. any fault that is successfully handled by the kernel
should not be directly visible to userspace.

Although it's debatable whether or not all exceptions are of interest to
enclaves, defer to the vDSO fixup to decide whether to do fixup or
generate a signal. Future users of vDSO fixup, if there ever are any,
will undoubtedly have different requirements than SGX enclaves, e.g. the
fixup vs. signal logic can be made function specific if/when necessary.

Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 8 ++++++++
2 files changed, 22 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index d54cffdc7cac..cce8fb2c560d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@
#include <asm/umip.h>
#include <asm/insn.h>
#include <asm/insn-eval.h>
+#include <asm/vdso.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#include <asm/x86_init.h>
@@ -206,6 +207,9 @@ do_trap_no_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, int trapnr, const char *str,
tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
tsk->thread.trap_nr = trapnr;
die(str, regs, error_code);
+ } else {
+ if (fixup_vdso_exception(regs, trapnr, error_code, 0))
+ return 0;

@@ -538,6 +542,9 @@ dotraplinkage void do_general_protection(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_GP;

+ if (fixup_vdso_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_GP, error_code, 0))
+ return;
show_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV, "", desc, regs, error_code);

@@ -791,6 +798,10 @@ dotraplinkage void do_debug(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
goto exit;

+ if (user_mode(regs) &&
+ fixup_vdso_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_DB, error_code, 0))
+ goto exit;
* Let others (NMI) know that the debug stack is in use
* as we may switch to the interrupt stack.
@@ -871,6 +882,9 @@ static void math_error(struct pt_regs *regs, int error_code, int trapnr)
if (!si_code)

+ if (fixup_vdso_exception(regs, trapnr, error_code, 0))
+ return;
force_sig_fault(SIGFPE, si_code,
(void __user *)uprobe_get_trap_addr(regs));
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index 23666e34abbc..e9ed3c7299ac 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <asm/desc.h> /* store_idt(), ... */
#include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> /* exception stack */
#include <asm/pgtable_areas.h> /* VMALLOC_START, ... */
+#include <asm/vdso.h> /* fixup_vdso_exception() */

#include <asm/trace/exceptions.h>
@@ -924,6 +925,10 @@ __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,

sanitize_error_code(address, &error_code);

+ if (fixup_vdso_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code,
+ address))
+ return;
if (likely(show_unhandled_signals))
show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk);

@@ -1041,6 +1046,9 @@ do_sigbus(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address,

sanitize_error_code(address, &error_code);

+ if (fixup_vdso_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code, address))
+ return;
set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code);