Re: [PATCH -tip] kcov: Make runtime functions noinstr-compatible

From: Peter Zijlstra
Date: Thu Jun 04 2020 - 07:09:55 EST

On Thu, Jun 04, 2020 at 11:50:57AM +0200, Marco Elver wrote:
> The KCOV runtime is very minimal, only updating a field in 'current',
> and none of __sanitizer_cov-functions generates reports nor calls any
> other external functions.

Not quite true; it writes to t->kcov_area, and we need to make
absolutely sure that doesn't take faults or triggers anything else

> Therefore we can make the KCOV runtime noinstr-compatible by:
> 1. always-inlining internal functions and marking
> __sanitizer_cov-functions noinstr. The function write_comp_data() is
> now guaranteed to be inlined into __sanitize_cov_trace_*cmp()
> functions, which saves a call in the fast-path and reduces stack
> pressure due to the first argument being a constant.
> 2. For Clang, correctly pass -fno-stack-protector via a separate
> cc-option, as -fno-conserve-stack does not exist on Clang.
> The major benefit compared to adding another attribute to 'noinstr' to
> not collect coverage information, is that we retain coverage visibility
> in noinstr functions. We also currently lack such an attribute in both
> GCC and Clang.

> -static void notrace write_comp_data(u64 type, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 ip)
> +static __always_inline void write_comp_data(u64 type, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 ip)
> {
> struct task_struct *t;
> u64 *area;
> @@ -231,59 +231,59 @@ static void notrace write_comp_data(u64 type, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 ip)
> }
> }

This thing; that appears to be the meat of it, right?

I can't find where t->kcov_area comes from.. is that always
kcov_mmap()'s vmalloc_user() ?

That whole kcov_remote stuff confuses me.

KCOV_ENABLE() has kcov_fault_in_area(), which supposedly takes the
vmalloc faults for the current task, but who does it for the remote?

Now, luckily Joerg went and ripped out the vmalloc faults, let me check
where those patches are... w00t, they're upstream in this merge window.

So no #PF from writing to t->kcov_area then, under the assumption that
the vmalloc_user() is the only allocation site.

But then there's hardware watchpoints, if someone goes and sets a data
watchpoint in the kcov_area we're screwed. Nothing actively prevents
that from happening. Then again, the same is currently true for much of
current :/

Also, I think you need __always_inline on kaslr_offset()

And, unrelated to this patch in specific, I suppose I'm going to have to
extend objtool to look for data that is used from noinstr, to make sure
we exclude it from inspection and stuff, like that kaslr offset crud for

Anyway, yes, it appears you're lucky (for having Joerg remove vmalloc
faults) and this mostly should work as is.