Re: [PATCH] fsync.2: ERRORS: add EIO and ENOSPC

From: Jan Kara
Date: Wed Sep 09 2020 - 07:42:21 EST

On Wed 09-09-20 12:52:48, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) wrote:
> > So the error state isn't really stored "on pages in the file mapping".
> > Current implementation (since 4.14) is that error state is stored in struct
> > file (I think this tends to be called "file description" in manpages) and
> (Yes, "open file description" is the POSIX terminology for the thing that
> sits between the FD and the inode--struct file in kernel parlance--and I
> try to follow POSIX terminology in the manual pages where possible.
> > so EIO / ENOSPC is reported once for each file description of the file that
> > was open before the error happened. Not sure if we want to be so precise in
> > the manpages or if it just confuses people.
> Well, people are confused now, so I think more detail would be good.
> > Anyway your takeway that no
> > error on subsequent fsync() does not mean data was written is correct.
> Thanks. (See also my rply to Jeff.)
> By the way, a question related to your comments above. In the
> errors section, there is this:
> EIO An error occurred during synchronization. This error may
> relate to data written to some other file descriptor on the
> * same file. Since Linux 4.13, errors from write-back will
> be reported to all file descriptors that might have written
> the data which triggered the error. Some filesystems
> (e.g., NFS) keep close track of which data came through
> which file descriptor, and give more precise reporting.
> Other filesystems (e.g., most local filesystems) will
> report errors to all file descriptors that were open on the
> * file when the error was recorded.
> In the marked (*) lines, we have the word "file". Is this accurate? I mean, I
> would normally take "file" in this context to mean the inode ('struct inode').
> But I wonder if really what is meant here is "open file description"
> ('struct file'). In other words, is the EIO being generated for all FDs
> connected to the same open file description, or for all FDs for all of the
> open file descriptions connected to the inode? Your thoughts?

The error gets reported once for each "open file description" of the file
(inode) where the error happened. If there are multiple file descriptors
pointing to the same open file description, then only one of those file
descriptors will see the error. This is inevitable consequence of kernel
storing the error state in struct file and clearing it once it is

Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxxx>