[PATCH v3 5/7] virtio-mem: try to merge system ram resources

From: David Hildenbrand
Date: Thu Sep 10 2020 - 05:15:56 EST

virtio-mem adds memory in memory block granularity, to be able to
remove it in the same granularity again later, and to grow slowly on
demand. This, however, results in quite a lot of resources when
adding a lot of memory. Resources are effectively stored in a list-based
tree. Having a lot of resources not only wastes memory, it also makes
traversing that tree more expensive, and makes /proc/iomem explode in
size (e.g., requiring kexec-tools to manually merge resources later
when e.g., trying to create a kdump header).

Before this patch, we get (/proc/iomem) when hotplugging 2G via virtio-mem
on x86-64:
100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
140000000-147ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
148000000-14fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
150000000-157ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
158000000-15fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
160000000-167ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
168000000-16fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
170000000-177ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
178000000-17fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
180000000-187ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
188000000-18fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
190000000-197ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
198000000-19fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
1a0000000-1a7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
1a8000000-1afffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
1b0000000-1b7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
1b8000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

With this patch, we get (/proc/iomem):
fffc0000-ffffffff : Reserved
100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
140000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

Of course, with more hotplugged memory, it gets worse. When unplugging
memory blocks again, try_remove_memory() (via
offline_and_remove_memory()) will properly split the resource up again.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Wei Yang <richardw.yang@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@xxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c | 3 ++-
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
index ed99e43354010..ba4de598f6636 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
@@ -424,7 +424,8 @@ static int virtio_mem_mb_add(struct virtio_mem *vm, unsigned long mb_id)

dev_dbg(&vm->vdev->dev, "adding memory block: %lu\n", mb_id);
return add_memory_driver_managed(nid, addr, memory_block_size_bytes(),
- vm->resource_name, MHP_NONE);
+ vm->resource_name,