Re: [PATCH 3/3] platform/x86: Intel PMT Crashlog capability driver

From: Hans de Goede
Date: Thu Sep 17 2020 - 08:13:53 EST


On 9/15/20 12:35 AM, Alexander Duyck wrote:
On Mon, Sep 14, 2020 at 11:07 AM Alexander Duyck
<alexander.duyck@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On Mon, Sep 14, 2020 at 6:42 AM Hans de Goede <hdegoede@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:


On 9/11/20 9:45 PM, David E. Box wrote:
From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Add support for the Intel Platform Monitoring Technology crashlog
interface. This interface provides a few sysfs values to allow for
controlling the crashlog telemetry interface as well as a character driver
to allow for mapping the crashlog memory region so that it can be accessed
after a crashlog has been recorded.

This driver is meant to only support the server version of the crashlog
which is identified as crash_type 1 with a version of zero. Currently no
other types are supported.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David E. Box <>
.../ABI/testing/sysfs-class-pmt_crashlog | 66 ++
drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig | 10 +
drivers/platform/x86/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/platform/x86/intel_pmt_crashlog.c | 588 ++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 665 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-pmt_crashlog
create mode 100644 drivers/platform/x86/intel_pmt_crashlog.c

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-pmt_crashlog b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-pmt_crashlog
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..40fb4ff437a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-pmt_crashlog
@@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ The pmt_crashlog/ class directory contains information
+ for devices that expose crashlog capabilities using the Intel
+ Platform Monitoring Technology (PTM).
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ The crashlogX directory contains files for configuring an
+ instance of a PMT crashlog device that can perform crash data
+ recoring. Each crashlogX device has an associated
+ /dev/crashlogX device node. This node can be opened and mapped
+ to access the resulting crashlog data. The register layout for
+ the log can be determined from an XML file of specified guid
+ for the parent device.
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX/guid
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ (RO) The guid for this crashlog device. The guid identifies the
+ version of the XML file for the parent device that should be
+ used to determine the register layout.
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX/size
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ (RO) The length of the result buffer in bytes that corresponds
+ to the mapping size for the /dev/crashlogX device node.
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX/offset
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ (RO) The offset of the buffer in bytes that corresponds
+ to the mapping for the /dev/crashlogX device node.
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX/enable
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ (RW) Boolean value controlling if the crashlog functionality
+ is enabled for the /dev/crashlogX device node.
+What: /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/crashlogX/trigger
+Date: September 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ (RW) Boolean value controlling the triggering of the
+ /dev/crashlogX device node. When read it provides data on if
+ the crashlog has been triggered. When written to it can be
+ used to either clear the current trigger by writing false, or
+ to trigger a new event if the trigger is not currently set.

Both the pmt_crashlog and the attributes suggest that this is highly
Intel PMT specific. /sys/class/foo interfaces are generally speaking
meant to be generic interfaces.

If this was defining a generic, vendor and implementation agnostic interface for
configuring / accessing crashlogs, then using a class would be fine, but that
is not the case, so I believe that this should not implement / register a class.

Since the devices are instantiated through MFD there already is a
static sysfs-path which can be used to find the device in sysfs:

So you can register the sysfs attributes directly under the platform_device
and then userspace can easily find them, so there really is no need to
use a class here.

I see. So we change the root directory from "/sys/class/pmt_crashlog/"
to "/sys/bus/platform/device/pmt_crashlog" while retaining the same
functionality. That should be workable.

So one issue as I see it is that if we were to change this then we
probably need to to change the telemetry functionality that was
recently accepted
as well. The general idea with using the /sys/class/pmt_crashlog/
approach was to keep things consistent with how the pmt_telemetry was
being accessed. So if we change this then we end up with very
different interfaces for the two very similar pieces of functionality.
So ideally we would want to change both telemetry and crashlog to
function the same way.

I agree that the telemetry interface should be changed in a similar way.

Luckily it seems that this is not in Linus' tree yet and I'm also not
seeing it in next yet, e.g. :
does not exist.

So we seem to still have time to also get the telemetry driver userspace API
fixed too.

I see that Andy gave his Reviewed-by for the intel_pmt_telemetry.c code.

Andy, I have some concerns about the userspace API choices made here,
see my earlier review of this patch. Do you agree with my suggestions,
or do you think it would be ok to move forward with the telemetry and
now also the crashlog API each registering their own private class
under /sys/class ?

AFAIK classes are supposed to be generic and not driver-private, so
that seems wrong to me. Also PMC is Intel specific and vendor specific
stuff really does not belong under /sys/class AFAIK ?

Do you have any good examples of anything that has done something
similar? From what I can tell it looks like we need to clean up the
naming to drop the "" for the bus directory names

Assuming there will only be one of each platform-device, then you
can just replace the PLATFORM_DEVID_AUTO param to devm_mfd_add_devices()
with PLATFORM_DEVID_NONE and the will go away.

and then
look at adding a folder to handle all of the instances of either
telemetry or crashlog, assuming we follow the reg-dummy or serial8250

So there can be multiple instances, you mean like the multiple chardevs
you add now, or can there be multiple platform-devices of the same
time instantiated through the MFD code ?

If you mean like the multiple chardevs, then yes you could add a folder
for the binary sysfs attributes replacing those, or register them
with a dynamic name with a number appended to the name.

Similarly the crashlog and telemetry both rely on similar mechanisms
to display the MMIO region containing the data. I still need to spend
some more time looking into what is involved in switching from a char
device to a binary sysfs, but I think with the example I found earlier
of the resourceN bit from the PCI sysfs I can probably make that work
for both cases.

I'm not sure that the PCI sysfs io resources are the best example,
as mentioned those mmap to actual memory-mapped io, which is somewhat

For a simpler example see drivers/platform/x86/wmi-bmof.c.

The way normal sysfs binary attributes work is that they
have a read method much like the read method on a block device
where an offset into the file gets passed. So you just copy_to_user
the requested amount of data starting at offset from the in-kernel
mapped buffer to the user buffer:

static ssize_t
read_bmof(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
struct bin_attribute *attr,
char *buf, loff_t off, size_t count)
struct bmof_priv *priv =
container_of(attr, struct bmof_priv, bmof_bin_attr);

if (off < 0)
return -EINVAL;

if (off >= priv->bmofdata->buffer.length)
return 0;

if (count > priv->bmofdata->buffer.length - off)
count = priv->bmofdata->buffer.length - off;

memcpy(buf, priv->bmofdata->buffer.pointer + off, count);
return count;

The wmi_bmof code also shows how you can dynamically create and
add binary sysfs attr which allows you to add a %d postfix to the
name. Note you should always dynamically create binary sysfs attr.

There are some old static initializers for these, but AFAIK those
lead to lockdep issues.