[RFC v1 00/12] kunit: introduce class mocking support.

From: Daniel Latypov
Date: Fri Sep 18 2020 - 14:31:44 EST

# Background
KUnit currently lacks any first-class support for mocking.
For an overview and discussion on the pros and cons, see

This patch set introduces the basic machinery needed for mocking:
setting and validating expectations, setting default actions, etc.

Using that basic infrastructure, we add macros for "class mocking", as
it's probably the easiest type of mocking to start with.

## Class mocking

By "class mocking", we're referring mocking out function pointers stored
in structs like:
struct sender {
int (*send)(struct sender *sender, int data);

After the necessary DEFINE_* macros, we can then write code like
struct MOCK(sender) mock_sender = CONSTRUCT_MOCK(sender, test);

/* Fake an error for a specific input. */
handle = KUNIT_EXPECT_CALL(send(<omitted>, kunit_int_eq(42)));
handle->action = kunit_int_return(test, -EINVAL);

/* Pass the mocked object to some code under test. */
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL, send_message(...));

I.e. the goal is to make it easier to test
1) with less dependencies (we don't need to setup a real `sender`)
2) unusual/error conditions more easily.

In the future, we hope to build upon this to support mocking in more
contexts, e.g. standalone funcs, etc.


## Naming
This introduces a number of new macros for dealing with mocks,
PARAMS(struct example *, int));
KUNIT_EXPECT_CALL(foo(mock_get_ctrl(mock_example), ...);
For consistency, we could prefix everything with KUNIT, e.g.
`KUNIT_DEFINE_STRUCT_CLASS_MOCK` and `kunit_mock_get_ctrl`, but it feels
like the names might be long enough that they would hinder readability.

## Usage
For now the only use of class mocking is in kunit-example-test.c
As part of changing this from an RFC to a real patch set, we're hoping
to include at least one example.

Pointers to bits of code where this would be useful that aren't too
hairy would be appreciated.
E.g. could easily add a test for tools/perf/ui/progress.h, e.g. that
ui_progress__init() calls ui_progress_ops.init(), but that likely isn't
useful to anyone.

Brendan Higgins (9):
kunit: test: add kunit_stream a std::stream like logger
kunit: test: add concept of post conditions
checkpatch: add support for struct MOCK(foo) syntax
kunit: mock: add parameter list manipulation macros
kunit: mock: add internal mock infrastructure
kunit: mock: add basic matchers and actions
kunit: mock: add class mocking support
kunit: mock: add struct param matcher
kunit: mock: implement nice, strict and naggy mock distinctions

Daniel Latypov (2):
Revert "kunit: move string-stream.h to lib/kunit"
kunit: expose kunit_set_failure() for use by mocking

Marcelo Schmitt (1):
kunit: mock: add macro machinery to pick correct format args

include/kunit/assert.h | 3 +-
include/kunit/kunit-stream.h | 94 +++
include/kunit/mock.h | 902 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/kunit/params.h | 305 +++++++++
{lib => include}/kunit/string-stream.h | 2 +
include/kunit/test.h | 9 +
lib/kunit/Makefile | 9 +-
lib/kunit/assert.c | 2 -
lib/kunit/common-mocks.c | 409 +++++++++++
lib/kunit/kunit-example-test.c | 90 +++
lib/kunit/kunit-stream.c | 110 +++
lib/kunit/mock-macro-test.c | 241 +++++++
lib/kunit/mock-test.c | 531 +++++++++++++++
lib/kunit/mock.c | 370 ++++++++++
lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c | 3 +-
lib/kunit/string-stream.c | 5 +-
lib/kunit/test.c | 15 +-
scripts/checkpatch.pl | 4 +
18 files changed, 3091 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/kunit/kunit-stream.h
create mode 100644 include/kunit/mock.h
create mode 100644 include/kunit/params.h
rename {lib => include}/kunit/string-stream.h (95%)
create mode 100644 lib/kunit/common-mocks.c
create mode 100644 lib/kunit/kunit-stream.c
create mode 100644 lib/kunit/mock-macro-test.c
create mode 100644 lib/kunit/mock-test.c
create mode 100644 lib/kunit/mock.c

base-commit: 10b82d5176488acee2820e5a2cf0f2ec5c3488b6