[PATCH v9 0/3] SELinux support for anonymous inodes and UFFD

From: Lokesh Gidra
Date: Wed Sep 23 2020 - 15:33:30 EST

Userfaultfd in unprivileged contexts could be potentially very
useful. We'd like to harden userfaultfd to make such unprivileged use
less risky. This patch series allows SELinux to manage userfaultfd
file descriptors and in the future, other kinds of
anonymous-inode-based file descriptor. SELinux policy authors can
apply policy types to anonymous inodes by providing name-based
transition rules keyed off the anonymous inode internal name (
"[userfaultfd]" in the case of userfaultfd(2) file descriptors) and
applying policy to the new SIDs thus produced.

With SELinux managed userfaultfd, an admin can control creation and
movement of the file descriptors. In particular, handling of
a userfaultfd descriptor by a different process is essentially a
ptrace access into the process, without any of the corresponding
security_ptrace_access_check() checks. For privacy, the admin may
want to deny such accesses, which is possible with SELinux support.

Inside the kernel, a new anon_inode interface, anon_inode_getfd_secure,
allows callers to opt into this SELinux management. In this new "secure"
mode, anon_inodes create new ephemeral inodes for anonymous file objects
instead of reusing the normal anon_inodes singleton dummy inode. A new
LSM hook gives security modules an opportunity to configure and veto
these ephemeral inodes.

This patch series is one of two fork of [1] and is an
alternative to [2].

The primary difference between the two patch series is that this
partch series creates a unique inode for each "secure" anonymous
inode, while the other patch series ([2]) continues using the
singleton dummy anonymous inode and adds a way to attach SELinux
security information directly to file objects.

I prefer the approach in this patch series because 1) it's a smaller
patch than [2], and 2) it produces a more regular security
architecture: in this patch series, secure anonymous inodes aren't
S_PRIVATE and they maintain the SELinux property that the label for a
file is in its inode. We do need an additional inode per anonymous
file, but per-struct-file inode creation doesn't seem to be a problem
for pipes and sockets.

The previous version of this feature ([1]) created a new SELinux
security class for userfaultfd file descriptors. This version adopts
the generic transition-based approach of [2].

This patch series also differs from [2] in that it doesn't affect all
anonymous inodes right away --- instead requiring anon_inodes callers
to opt in --- but this difference isn't one of basic approach. The
important question to resolve is whether we should be creating new
inodes or enhancing per-file data.

Changes from the first version of the patch:

- Removed some error checks
- Defined a new anon_inode SELinux class to resolve the
ambiguity in [3]
- Inherit sclass as well as descriptor from context inode

Changes from the second version of the patch:

- Fixed example policy in the commit message to reflect the use of
the new anon_inode class.

Changes from the third version of the patch:

- Dropped the fops parameter to the LSM hook
- Documented hook parameters
- Fixed incorrect class used for SELinux transition
- Removed stray UFFD changed early in the series
- Removed a redundant ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR())

Changes from the fourth version of the patch:

- Removed an unused parameter from an internal function
- Fixed function documentation

Changes from the fifth version of the patch:

- Fixed function documentation in fs/anon_inodes.c and
- Used anon_inode_getfd_secure() in userfaultfd() syscall and removed
owner from userfaultfd_ctx.

Changes from the sixth version of the patch:

- Removed definition of anon_inode_getfile_secure() as there are no
- Simplified function description of anon_inode_getfd_secure().
- Elaborated more on the purpose of 'context_inode' in commit message.

Changes from the seventh version of the patch:

- Fixed error handling in _anon_inode_getfile().
- Fixed minor comment and indentation related issues.

Changes from the eighth version of the patch:

- Replaced selinux_state.initialized with selinux_state.initialized

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200211225547.235083-1-dancol@xxxxxxxxxx/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20200213194157.5877-1-sds@xxxxxxxxxxxxx/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/23f725ca-5b5a-5938-fcc8-5bbbfc9ba9bc@xxxxxxxxxxxxx/

Daniel Colascione (3):
Add a new LSM-supporting anonymous inode interface
Teach SELinux about anonymous inodes
Wire UFFD up to SELinux

fs/anon_inodes.c | 147 ++++++++++++++++++++--------
fs/userfaultfd.c | 19 ++--
include/linux/anon_inodes.h | 8 ++
include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h | 2 +
include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 9 ++
include/linux/security.h | 10 ++
security/security.c | 8 ++
security/selinux/hooks.c | 53 ++++++++++
security/selinux/include/classmap.h | 2 +
9 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)