Re: [PATCH] kbuild: give SUBLEVEL more room in KERNEL_VERSION
From: Greg KH
Date: Mon Jan 18 2021 - 04:39:02 EST
On Sun, Jan 17, 2021 at 08:49:51PM -0500, Sasha Levin wrote:
> SUBLEVEL only has 8 bits of space, which means that we'll overflow it
> once it reaches 256.
> Few of the stable branches will imminently overflow SUBLEVEL while
> there's no risk of overflowing VERSION.
> Thus, give SUBLEVEL 8 more bits which will be stolen from VERSION, this
> should create a better balance between the different version numbers we
> The downside here is that Linus will have 8 bits less to play with, but
> given our current release cadence (~10 weeks), the number of Linus's
> fingers & toes (20), and the current VERSION (5) we can calculate that
> VERSION will overflow in just over 1,000 years, so I'm kicking this can
> down the road.
> Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxx
> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Makefile | 4 ++--
> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index 9e73f82e0d863..dc2bad7a440d8 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -1252,8 +1252,8 @@ endef
> define filechk_version.h
> echo \#define LINUX_VERSION_CODE $(shell \
> - expr $(VERSION) \* 65536 + 0$(PATCHLEVEL) \* 256 + 0$(SUBLEVEL)); \
> - echo '#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 16) + ((b) << 8) + (c))'
> + expr $(VERSION) \* 16777216 + 0$(PATCHLEVEL) \* 65536 + 0$(SUBLEVEL)); \
> + echo '#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 24) + ((b) << 16) + (c))'
As much as I agree, this will break in-tree users of LINUX_VERSION_CODE
that try to suck out the version/patchlevel number of the kernel release
into their own fields. Things like USB host controller strings, v4l
ioctl reports, scsi driver ioctls, and other places do fun bit-movements
to try to unreverse this bit packing.
So how about we just provide a "real" version/subversion/revision
#define as well, and clean up all in-kernel users, so we can get this to
work, and we can change it in the future more easily.