Re: [PATCH 1/4] KVM: x86: Protect userspace MSR filter with SRCU, and set atomically-ish

From: Alexander Graf
Date: Wed Mar 17 2021 - 15:30:43 EST

On 16.03.21 19:44, Sean Christopherson wrote:

Fix a plethora of issues with MSR filtering by installing the resulting
filter as an atomic bundle instead of updating the live filter one range
at a time. The KVM_X86_SET_MSR_FILTER ioctl() isn't truly atomic, as
the hardware MSR bitmaps won't be updated until the next VM-Enter, but
the relevant software struct is atomically updated, which is what KVM
really needs.

Similar to the approach used for modifying memslots, make arch.msr_filter
a SRCU-protected pointer, do all the work configuring the new filter
outside of kvm->lock, and then acquire kvm->lock only when the new filter
has been vetted and created. That way vCPU readers either see the old
filter or the new filter in their entirety, not some half-baked state.

Yuan Yao pointed out a use-after-free in ksm_msr_allowed() due to a
TOCTOU bug, but that's just the tip of the iceberg...

- Nothing is __rcu annotated, making it nigh impossible to audit the
code for correctness.
- kvm_add_msr_filter() has an unpaired smp_wmb(). Violation of kernel
coding style aside, the lack of a smb_rmb() anywhere casts all code
into doubt.
- kvm_clear_msr_filter() has a double free TOCTOU bug, as it grabs
count before taking the lock.
- kvm_clear_msr_filter() also has memory leak due to the same TOCTOU bug.

The entire approach of updating the live filter is also flawed. While
installing a new filter is inherently racy if vCPUs are running, fixing
the above issues also makes it trivial to ensure certain behavior is
deterministic, e.g. KVM can provide deterministic behavior for MSRs with
identical settings in the old and new filters. An atomic update of the
filter also prevents KVM from getting into a half-baked state, e.g. if
installing a filter fails, the existing approach would leave the filter
in a half-baked state, having already committed whatever bits of the
filter were already processed.


Fixes: 1a155254ff93 ("KVM: x86: Introduce MSR filtering")
Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: Alexander Graf <graf@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Yuan Yao <yaoyuan0329os@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@xxxxxxxxxx>

Thanks a lot Sean for cleaning up after me! I was trying to be a bit too smart with the inband count as token unfortunately :)

Reviewed-by: Alexander Graf <graf@xxxxxxxxxx>


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