Re: [PATCH bpf] bpf: Don't WARN_ON_ONCE in bpf_bprintf_prepare

From: Daniel Borkmann
Date: Wed May 05 2021 - 16:00:41 EST

On 5/5/21 8:55 PM, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
On Wed, May 5, 2021 at 9:23 AM Florent Revest <revest@xxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

The bpf_seq_printf, bpf_trace_printk and bpf_snprintf helpers share one
per-cpu buffer that they use to store temporary data (arguments to
bprintf). They "get" that buffer with try_get_fmt_tmp_buf and "put" it
by the end of their scope with bpf_bprintf_cleanup.

If one of these helpers gets called within the scope of one of these
helpers, for example: a first bpf program gets called, uses

Can we afford having few struct bpf_printf_bufs? They are just 512
bytes, so can we have 3-5 of them? Tracing low-level stuff isn't the
only situation where this can occur, right? If someone is doing
bpf_snprintf() and interrupt occurs and we run another BPF program, it
will be impossible to do bpf_snprintf() or bpf_trace_printk() from the
second BPF program, etc. We can't eliminate the probability, but
having a small stack of buffers would make the probability so
miniscule as to not worry about it at all.

Good thing is that try_get_fmt_tmp_buf() abstracts all the details, so
the changes are minimal. Nestedness property is preserved for
non-sleepable BPF programs, right? If we want this to work for
sleepable we'd need to either: 1) disable migration or 2) instead of
assuming a stack of buffers, do a loop to find unused one. Should be
acceptable performance-wise, as it's not the fastest code anyway
(printf'ing in general).

In any case, re-using the same buffer for sort-of-optional-to-work
bpf_trace_printk() and probably-important-to-work bpf_snprintf() is
suboptimal, so seems worth fixing this.


Yes, agree, it would otherwise be really hard to debug. I had the same
thought on why not allowing nesting here given users very likely expect
these helpers to just work for all the contexts.