[PATCH 5.12 284/384] btrfs: fix a potential hole punching failure

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Mon May 10 2021 - 08:37:41 EST

From: BingJing Chang <bingjingc@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 3227788cd369d734d2d3cd94f8af7536b60fa552 ]

In commit d77815461f04 ("btrfs: Avoid trucating page or punching hole
in a already existed hole."), existing holes can be skipped by calling
find_first_non_hole() to adjust start and len. However, if the given len
is invalid and large, when an EXTENT_MAP_HOLE extent is found, len will
not be set to zero because (em->start + em->len) is less than
(start + len). Then the ret will be 1 but len will not be set to 0.
The propagated non-zero ret will result in fallocate failure.

In the while-loop of btrfs_replace_file_extents(), len is not updated
every time before it calls find_first_non_hole(). That is, after
btrfs_drop_extents() successfully drops the last non-hole file extent,
it may fail with ENOSPC when attempting to drop a file extent item
representing a hole. The problem can happen. After it calls
find_first_non_hole(), the cur_offset will be adjusted to be larger
than or equal to end. However, since the len is not set to zero, the
break-loop condition (ret && !len) will not be met. After it leaves the
while-loop, fallocate will return 1, which is an unexpected return

We're not able to construct a reproducible way to let
btrfs_drop_extents() fail with ENOSPC after it drops the last non-hole
file extent but with remaining holes left. However, it's quite easy to
fix. We just need to update and check the len every time before we call
find_first_non_hole(). To make the while loop more readable, we also
pull the variable updates to the bottom of loop like this:
while (cur_offset < end) {
// update cur_offset & len
// advance cur_offset & len in hole-punching case if needed

Reported-by: Robbie Ko <robbieko@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Fixes: d77815461f04 ("btrfs: Avoid trucating page or punching hole in a already existed hole.")
CC: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx # 4.4+
Reviewed-by: Robbie Ko <robbieko@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Chung-Chiang Cheng <cccheng@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: BingJing Chang <bingjingc@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
fs/btrfs/file.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/file.c b/fs/btrfs/file.c
index 4130523a77c9..6eb72c9b15a7 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/file.c
@@ -2729,8 +2729,6 @@ int btrfs_replace_file_extents(struct inode *inode, struct btrfs_path *path,
extent_info->file_offset += replace_len;

- cur_offset = drop_args.drop_end;
ret = btrfs_update_inode(trans, root, BTRFS_I(inode));
if (ret)
@@ -2750,7 +2748,9 @@ int btrfs_replace_file_extents(struct inode *inode, struct btrfs_path *path,
BUG_ON(ret); /* shouldn't happen */
trans->block_rsv = rsv;

- if (!extent_info) {
+ cur_offset = drop_args.drop_end;
+ len = end - cur_offset;
+ if (!extent_info && len) {
ret = find_first_non_hole(BTRFS_I(inode), &cur_offset,
if (unlikely(ret < 0))