[PATCH 1/1] net: ax88796c: do not receive data in pointer

From: Nicolas Iooss
Date: Sun Nov 21 2021 - 15:08:42 EST

Function axspi_read_status calls:

ret = spi_write_then_read(ax_spi->spi, ax_spi->cmd_buf, 1,
(u8 *)&status, 3);

status is a pointer to a struct spi_status, which is 3-byte wide:

struct spi_status {
u16 isr;
u8 status;

But &status is the pointer to this pointer, and spi_write_then_read does
not dereference this parameter:

int spi_write_then_read(struct spi_device *spi,
const void *txbuf, unsigned n_tx,
void *rxbuf, unsigned n_rx)

Therefore axspi_read_status currently receive a SPI response in the
pointer status, which overwrites 24 bits of the pointer.

Thankfully, on Little-Endian systems, the pointer is only used in


... which is a no-operation. So there, the overwritten pointer is not
dereferenced. Nevertheless on Big-Endian systems, this can lead to
dereferencing pointers after their 24 most significant bits were
overwritten. And in all systems this leads to possible use of
uninitialized value in functions calling spi_write_then_read which
expect status to be initialized when the function returns.

Moreover function axspi_read_status (and macro AX_READ_STATUS) do not
seem to be used anywhere. So currently this seems to be dead code. Fix
the issue anyway so that future code works properly when using function

Fixes: a97c69ba4f30 ("net: ax88796c: ASIX AX88796C SPI Ethernet Adapter Driver")

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Iooss <nicolas.iooss_linux@xxxxxxx>
drivers/net/ethernet/asix/ax88796c_spi.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/asix/ax88796c_spi.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/asix/ax88796c_spi.c
index 94df4f96d2be..0710e716d682 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/asix/ax88796c_spi.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/asix/ax88796c_spi.c
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ int axspi_read_status(struct axspi_data *ax_spi, struct spi_status *status)

/* OP */
ax_spi->cmd_buf[0] = AX_SPICMD_READ_STATUS;
- ret = spi_write_then_read(ax_spi->spi, ax_spi->cmd_buf, 1, (u8 *)&status, 3);
+ ret = spi_write_then_read(ax_spi->spi, ax_spi->cmd_buf, 1, (u8 *)status, 3);
if (ret)
dev_err(&ax_spi->spi->dev, "%s() failed: ret = %d\n", __func__, ret);