[PATCH 5.15 324/913] media: v4l2-core: Initialize h264 scaling matrix

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Tue Apr 05 2022 - 15:57:35 EST

From: Nicolas Dufresne <nicolas.dufresne@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 0f6146d476fc99862899e70f2554ee77b444b7b9 ]

In the final H264 API, it is not required to set scaling matrix if
they are not present in the bitstream. A flag was added in order to let
the driver know. The downside is that it leaves the default control
value to 0, which isn't valid. As per the spec (see formulas 7-8/7-9),
when the scaling matrix are absent from the bitstream, flat values
of 16 should be used. This improves this control semantic in a way
that the control value are always valid. Drivers can then use
the scaling_matrix control values without having to check its presence.
Same method was employed for MPEG2_QUANTISATION.

This fixes issues with MTK VCODEC H264 decoder when using GStreamer.
GStreamer does not set this control if its not present in the bitstream.
As MTK VDCODEC was using the initialized to 0 values, the frames ended
up completely gray.

Fixes: 54889c51b833d236 ("media: uapi: h264: Rename and clarify PPS_FLAG_SCALING_MATRIX_PRESENT")
Signed-off-by: Nicolas Dufresne <nicolas.dufresne@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: AngeloGioacchino Del Regno <angelogioacchino.delregno@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls-core.c | 10 ++++++++++
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls-core.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls-core.c
index c4b5082849b6..45a76f40deeb 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls-core.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls-core.c
@@ -113,6 +113,7 @@ static void std_init_compound(const struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl, u32 idx,
struct v4l2_ctrl_mpeg2_quantisation *p_mpeg2_quant;
struct v4l2_ctrl_vp8_frame *p_vp8_frame;
struct v4l2_ctrl_fwht_params *p_fwht_params;
+ struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_scaling_matrix *p_h264_scaling_matrix;
void *p = ptr.p + idx * ctrl->elem_size;

if (ctrl->p_def.p_const)
@@ -160,6 +161,15 @@ static void std_init_compound(const struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl, u32 idx,
p_fwht_params->flags = V4L2_FWHT_FL_PIXENC_YUV |
+ p_h264_scaling_matrix = p;
+ /*
+ * The default (flat) H.264 scaling matrix when none are
+ * specified in the bitstream, this is according to formulas
+ * (7-8) and (7-9) of the specification.
+ */
+ memset(p_h264_scaling_matrix, 16, sizeof(*p_h264_scaling_matrix));
+ break;