[PATCH 2/2] drm/probe-helper: For DP, add 640x480 if all other modes are bad

From: Douglas Anderson
Date: Tue Apr 26 2022 - 14:47:18 EST

As per Displayport spec section ("Video Timing Format") says
that all detachable sinks shall support 640x480 @60Hz as a fail safe

A DP compliance test expected us to utilize the above fact when all
modes it presented to the DP source were not achievable. It presented
only modes that would be achievable with more lanes and/or higher
speeds than we had available and expected that when we couldn't do
that then we'd fall back to 640x480 even though it didn't advertise
this size.

In order to pass the compliance test (and also support any users who
might fall into a similar situation with their display), we need to
add 640x480 into the list of modes. However, we don't want to add
640x480 all the time. Despite the fact that the DP spec says all sinks
_shall support_ 640x480, they're not guaranteed to support it
_well_. Continuing to read the spec you can see that the display is
not required to really treat 640x480 equal to all the other modes. It
doesn't need to scale or anything--just display the pixels somehow for
failsafe purposes. It should also be noted that it's not hard to find
a display hooked up via DisplayPort that _doesn't_ support 640x480 at
all. The HP ZR30w screen I'm sitting in front of has a native DP port
and doesn't work at 640x480. I also plugged in a tiny 800x480 HDMI
display via a DP to HDMI adapter and that screen definitely doesn't
support 640x480.

As a compromise solution, let's only add the 640x480 mode if:
* We're on DP.
* All other modes have been pruned.

This acknowledges that 640x480 might not be the best mode to use but,
since sinks are _supposed_ to support it, we will at least fall back
to it if there's nothing else.

Note that we _don't_ add higher resolution modes like 1024x768 in this
case. We only add those modes for a failed EDID read where we have no
idea what's going on. In the case where we've pruned all modes then
instead we only want 640x480 which is the only defined "Fail Safe"

This patch originated in response to Kuogee Hsieh's patch [1].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/1650671124-14030-1-git-send-email-quic_khsieh@xxxxxxxxxxx

Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

drivers/gpu/drm/drm_probe_helper.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_probe_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_probe_helper.c
index 819225629010..90cd46cbfec1 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_probe_helper.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_probe_helper.c
@@ -476,7 +476,6 @@ int drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes(struct drm_connector *connector,
const struct drm_connector_helper_funcs *connector_funcs =
int count = 0, ret;
- bool verbose_prune = true;
enum drm_connector_status old_status;
struct drm_modeset_acquire_ctx ctx;

@@ -556,8 +555,8 @@ int drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes(struct drm_connector *connector,
DRM_DEBUG_KMS("[CONNECTOR:%d:%s] disconnected\n",
connector->base.id, connector->name);
drm_connector_update_edid_property(connector, NULL);
- verbose_prune = false;
- goto prune;
+ drm_mode_prune_invalid(dev, &connector->modes, false);
+ goto exit;

count = (*connector_funcs->get_modes)(connector);
@@ -580,9 +579,26 @@ int drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes(struct drm_connector *connector,

- drm_mode_prune_invalid(dev, &connector->modes, verbose_prune);
+ drm_mode_prune_invalid(dev, &connector->modes, true);

+ /*
+ * Displayport spec section ("Video Timing Format") says that
+ * all detachable sinks shall support 640x480 @60Hz as a fail safe
+ * mode. If all modes were pruned, perhaps because they need more
+ * lanes or a higher pixel clock than available, at least try to add
+ * in 640x480.
+ */
+ if (list_empty(&connector->modes) &&
+ connector->connector_type == DRM_MODE_CONNECTOR_DisplayPort) {
+ count = drm_add_modes_noedid(connector, 640, 480);
+ if (_drm_helper_update_and_validate(connector, maxX, maxY, &ctx)) {
+ drm_modeset_backoff(&ctx);
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ drm_mode_prune_invalid(dev, &connector->modes, true);
+ }