Re: [PATCH V4 8/8] riscv: Add config of thread stack size

From: Arnd Bergmann
Date: Thu Sep 08 2022 - 03:37:12 EST

On Thu, Sep 8, 2022, at 4:25 AM, guoren@xxxxxxxxxx wrote:
> From: Guo Ren <guoren@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> 0cac21b02ba5 ("risc v: use 16KB kernel stack on 64-bit") increase the
> thread size mandatory, but some scenarios, such as D1 with a small
> memory footprint, would suffer from that. After independent irq stack
> support, let's give users a choice to determine their custom stack size.
> Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@xxxxxxx>
> ---
> arch/riscv/Kconfig | 9 +++++++++
> arch/riscv/include/asm/thread_info.h | 4 ++--
> 2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> index da548ed7d107..e436b5793ab6 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> @@ -442,6 +442,15 @@ config IRQ_STACKS
> Add independent irq & softirq stacks for percpu to prevent kernel stack
> overflows. We may save some memory footprint by disabling IRQ_STACKS.
> + int "Pages of thread stack size (as a power of 2)"
> + range 1 4
> + default "1" if 32BIT
> + default "2" if 64BIT
> + help
> + Specify the Pages of thread stack size (from 8KB to 64KB), which also
> + affects irq stack size, which is equal to thread stack size.

I would suggest hiding this under 'depends on EXPERT', no
need to bother normal users with that question because the
defaults are probably what everyone should use unless they are
extremely limited.

> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> #else
> #endif

The two sides of the #ifdef are now the same, so you no longer
need both. You could also consider expressing the KASAN_STACK_ORDER
bit in Kconfig logic for consistency, and put those into the
defaults as well. Unless you actually use CONFIG_KASAN_STACK,
the stack requirements of KASAN are not too bad, so that way one
could decide to still use a smaller stack even with KASAN.

If you want to make the setting really useful, you can add two
more ideas:

- When VMAP_STACK is set, make it possible to select non-power-of-two
stack sizes. Most importantly, 12KB should be a really interesting
choice as 8KB is probably still not enough for many 64-bit workloads,
but 16KB is often more than what you need. You probably don't
want to allow 64BIT/8KB without VMAP_STACK anyway since that just
makes it really hard to debug, so hiding the option when VMAP_STACK
is disabled may also be a good idea.

- For testing purposes, you can even allow byte-exact stack sizes
that allow finding out what the actual minimum is by adding a
fixed offset during kernel entry. See add_random_kstack_offset()
for how to adjust the stack.

With all those ideas added in, the Kconfig logic would be
something like (assuming you can use

int "Kernel stack size (in bytes)" if VMAP_STACK && EXPERT
range 4096 65536
default 8192 if 32BIT && !KASAN
default 32768 if 64BIT && KASAN
default 16384

default 0 if THREAD_SIZE = 4096
default 1 if THREAD_SIZE <= 8192
default 2 if THREAD_SIZE <= 16384
default 3 if THREAD_SIZE <= 32768
default 4