Re: [PATCH 1/2] nvme-hwmon: Cache-line-align the NVME SMART log-buffer

From: Serge Semin
Date: Fri Sep 09 2022 - 16:53:46 EST

On Fri, Sep 09, 2022 at 01:42:34PM -0600, Keith Busch wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 09, 2022 at 10:19:15PM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> > Recent commit 52fde2c07da6 ("nvme: set dma alignment to dword") has caused
> >
> > Folks, I've thoroughly studied the whole NVME subsystem looking for
> > similar problems. Turned out there is one more place which may cause the
> > same issue. It's connected with the opal_dev.{cmd,req} buffers passed to
> > the nvme_sec_submit() method. The rest of the buffers involved in the NVME
> > DMA are either allocated by kmalloc (must be cache-line-aligned by design)
> > or bounced-buffered if allocated on the stack (see the blk_rq_map_kern()
> > method implementation).

> What about user space addresses?

Reasonable question. Alas I haven't researched the user-space part as
much thorough. What I can say for sure that we haven't detected any
unaligned buffers passed to the DMA-mapping procedure other than the
ones denoted in this patch and in the next one. So to speak so far
none of the NVME-involved user-space buffers have had unaligned offset
in the physical address space. I have merged in the next patch in our
local kernel tree:
So if an unaligned buffer was passed we would have immediately got it

> We can map those with cacheline offsets.

If we could do that easily it would have been great. But I don't see
an easy way out. AFAICS we'll need to fix the blk_rq_map_user_iov()
method so one would CPU-based copy the unaligned part of the buffer
and perform the DMA-required operations with the rest of it. Do you
have any better suggestion in mind?

> > ---
> > drivers/nvme/host/hwmon.c | 3 ++-
> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/hwmon.c b/drivers/nvme/host/hwmon.c
> > index 0a586d712920..94192ab7a02d 100644
> > --- a/drivers/nvme/host/hwmon.c
> > +++ b/drivers/nvme/host/hwmon.c
> > @@ -10,9 +10,10 @@
> >
> > #include "nvme.h"
> >
> > +/* DMA-noncoherent platforms require the cache-aligned buffers */
> > struct nvme_hwmon_data {
> > + struct nvme_smart_log log ____cacheline_aligned;
> > struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl;
> > - struct nvme_smart_log log;

> So this by chance happened to work before 52fde2c07da6 because the field
> started at a 4-byte offset on your arch?

Correct. The offset is 4-bytes indeed so the log-field base address is
4-bytes aligned. Due to that the bounce-buffer used to be used for the
NVME SMART log getting. Since the denoted commit the log-buffer have
been directly used for DMA, which has revealed the problem caused by the
cache-invalidation on the buffer mapping.

> The change looks good.
> Reviewed-by: Keith Busch <kbusch@xxxxxxxxxx>