Re: [PATCH] x86/hyperv: Replace kmap() with kmap_local_page()
From: Wei Liu
Date: Mon Oct 03 2022 - 05:01:59 EST
On Wed, Sep 28, 2022 at 02:08:40PM +0000, Wei Liu wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 28, 2022 at 05:56:40PM +0800, Zhao Liu wrote:
> > From: Zhao Liu <zhao1.liu@xxxxxxxxx>
> > kmap() is being deprecated in favor of kmap_local_page().
> > There are two main problems with kmap(): (1) It comes with an overhead as
> > mapping space is restricted and protected by a global lock for
> > synchronization and (2) it also requires global TLB invalidation when the
> > kmap's pool wraps and it might block when the mapping space is fully
> > utilized until a slot becomes available.
> > With kmap_local_page() the mappings are per thread, CPU local, can take
> > page faults, and can be called from any context (including interrupts).
> > It is faster than kmap() in kernels with HIGHMEM enabled. Furthermore,
> > the tasks can be preempted and, when they are scheduled to run again, the
> > kernel virtual addresses are restored and are still valid.
> > In the fuction hyperv_init() of hyperv/hv_init.c, the mapping is used in a
> > single thread and is short live. So, in this case, it's safe to simply use
> > kmap_local_page() to create mapping, and this avoids the wasted cost of
> > kmap() for global synchronization.
> The kmap call in that function is not performance critical in any way,
> and at this point in the initialization process I don't expect there to
> be any contention, so the downside of kmap is not really a concern here.
> That being said, kmap getting deprecated is a good enough reason to
> switch to kmap_local_page. And I appreciate this well-written,
> well-reasoned commit message.
> I will apply it to hyperv-next later -- I doubt people will object to
> this change, but just in case.
Applied to hyperv-next. Thanks.