Re: [PATCH] x86/hyperv: Replace kmap() with kmap_local_page()
From: Ira Weiny
Date: Mon Oct 03 2022 - 16:25:28 EST
On Mon, Oct 03, 2022 at 07:43:49PM +0200, Fabio M. De Francesco wrote:
> On Wednesday, September 28, 2022 11:56:40 AM CEST Zhao Liu wrote:
> > From: Zhao Liu <zhao1.liu@xxxxxxxxx>
> > kmap() is being deprecated in favor of kmap_local_page().
> > There are two main problems with kmap(): (1) It comes with an overhead as
> > mapping space is restricted and protected by a global lock for
> > synchronization and (2) it also requires global TLB invalidation when the
> > kmap's pool wraps and it might block when the mapping space is fully
> > utilized until a slot becomes available.
> > With kmap_local_page() the mappings are per thread, CPU local, can take
> > page faults, and can be called from any context (including interrupts).
> > It is faster than kmap() in kernels with HIGHMEM enabled. Furthermore,
> > the tasks can be preempted and, when they are scheduled to run again, the
> > kernel virtual addresses are restored and are still valid.
> > In the fuction hyperv_init() of hyperv/hv_init.c, the mapping is used in a
> > single thread and is short live. So, in this case, it's safe to simply use
> > kmap_local_page() to create mapping, and this avoids the wasted cost of
> > kmap() for global synchronization.
> > In addtion, the fuction hyperv_init() checks if kmap() fails by BUG_ON().
> > From the original discussion, the BUG_ON() here is just used to
> > explicitly panic NULL pointer. So still keep the BUG_ON() in place to check
> > if kmap_local_page() fails.
> How might kmap_local_page() return invalid kernel addresses?
> I think that, if this function returns, the pointer is always a valid kernel
> address. Am I missing something?
I think this is my mistake. I did not realize what Zhao was asking me the
other day and generally said to leave BUG_ON's alone and not change things.
In this case kmap_local_page() will not return NULL. It will BUG on its own if
> > Based on this consideration, memcpy_to_page()
> > is not selected here but only kmap_local_page() is used.
> I can't agree with you, if the premises are that kmap_local_page() might
> provide invalid addresses.
I'm ok with the patch as is. But Fabio is correct and it may be worth removing
the check in a follow on patch.
> > Therefore, replace kmap() with kmap_local_page() in hyperv/hv_init.c.
> > : https://lore.kernel.org/all/20220813220034.806698-1-ira.weiny@xxxxxxxxx
> > : https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200915103710.cqmdvzh5lys4wsqo@liuwe-devbox-debian-v2/
> > Suggested-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@xxxxxxxxx>
> > Suggested-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@xxxxxxxxx>
> > Suggested-by: Fabio M. De Francesco <fmdefrancesco@xxxxxxxxx>
> > Signed-off-by: Zhao Liu <zhao1.liu@xxxxxxxxx>
> > ---
> > Suggested by credits.
> > Dave: Referred to his comments about whether kmap() can fail and
> > suggestion to keep BUG_ON() in place.
> > Ira: Referred to his task documentation and review comments about
> > keeping BUG_ON() for kmap_local_page().
> > Fabio: Stole some of his boiler plate commit message.
> > ---
> > arch/x86/hyperv/hv_init.c | 4 ++--
> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)