[PATCH v2 RESEND 0/7] Allow dynamic allocation of software IO TLB bounce buffers

From: Petr Tesarik
Date: Tue May 09 2023 - 05:19:34 EST

From: Petr Tesarik <petr.tesarik.ext@xxxxxxxxxx>

The goal of my work is to provide more flexibility in the sizing of

The software IO TLB was designed with these assumptions:

1. It would not be used much, especially on 64-bit systems.
2. A small fixed memory area (64 MiB by default) is sufficient to
handle the few cases which require a bounce buffer.
3. 64 MiB is little enough that it has no impact on the rest of the

First, if SEV is active, all DMA must be done through shared
unencrypted pages, and SWIOTLB is used to make this happen without
changing device drivers. The software IO TLB size is increased to
6% of total memory in sev_setup_arch(), but that is more of an
approximation. The actual requirements may vary depending on the
amount of I/O and which drivers are used. These factors may not be
know at boot time, i.e. when SWIOTLB is allocated.

Second, other colleagues have noticed that they can reliably get
rid of occasional OOM kills on an Arm embedded device by reducing
the SWIOTLB size. This can be achieved with a kernel parameter, but
determining the right value puts additional burden on pre-release
testing, which could be avoided if SWIOTLB is allocated small and
grows only when necessary.

Changes from RFC:
- Track dynamic buffers per device instead of per swiotlb
- Use a linked list instead of a maple tree
- Move initialization of swiotlb fields of struct device to a
helper function
- Rename __lookup_dyn_slot() to lookup_dyn_slot_locked()
- Introduce per-device flag if dynamic buffers are in use
- Add one more user of DMA_ATTR_MAY_SLEEP
- Add kernel-doc comments for new (and some old) code
- Properly escape '*' in dma-attributes.rst

Petr Tesarik (7):
swiotlb: Use a helper to initialize swiotlb fields in struct device
swiotlb: Move code around in preparation for dynamic bounce buffers
dma-mapping: introduce the DMA_ATTR_MAY_SLEEP attribute
swiotlb: Dynamically allocated bounce buffers
swiotlb: Add a boot option to enable dynamic bounce buffers
drm: Use DMA_ATTR_MAY_SLEEP from process context
swiotlb: per-device flag if there are dynamically allocated buffers

.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 +-
Documentation/core-api/dma-attributes.rst | 10 +
drivers/base/core.c | 4 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_shmem_helper.c | 2 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/drm_prime.c | 2 +-
include/linux/device.h | 12 +
include/linux/dma-mapping.h | 6 +
include/linux/swiotlb.h | 54 ++-
kernel/dma/swiotlb.c | 382 ++++++++++++++++--
9 files changed, 443 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)