Re: [PATCH] cdx: add MSI support for CDX bus

From: Thomas Gleixner
Date: Wed May 10 2023 - 19:52:38 EST


On Thu, May 11 2023 at 00:29, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> On Wed, May 10 2023 at 19:34, Nipun Gupta wrote:
> #2) That's actually the worse part of it and completely broken versus
> device setup
> probe()
> cdx_msi_domain_alloc_irqs()
> ...
> request_irq() {
> ...
> irq_activate()
> irq_chip_write_msi_msg()
> ...
> queue_work()
> ...
> }
> enable_irq_in_device()
> <- device raises interrupt and eventually uses an uninitialized
> MSI message because the scheduled work has not yet completed.
> That's going to be a nightmare to debug and it's going to happen
> once in a blue moon out in the field.

Here is another failure scenario:

// No scheduling possible as this happens in stomp_machine() context
// Point of no return
set_cpu_online(cpu, false);

That works with your current implementation by some definition of works
because you schedule the affinity change async.

But what makes sure that this takes effect _before_ the CPU goes into
lala land and cannot respond to an interrupt anymore?

Nothing, other than pure luck, which is not really a solid engineering

While the regular operations can be fixed via the bus_lock mechanics,
this one falls flat on its nose because in that context this can't
schedule anymore so acquiring a mutex or waiting for some async muck to
complete is a no-no.

Not the end of the world though. There is a way to handle that
gracefully and we need that for the PCI/IMS implementations which will
do that via command queues too.

irq_migrate_all_off_this_cpu() is invoked from stomp_machine() context
with interrupts disabled because the current x86 interrupt management
hardware trainwreck requires it at least in the case that interrupt
remapping is not available.

Of course that got copied to all other architectures... Whether they
really require it or not from a hardware POV is a different
story. Though they all rely on the stomp_machine() context which
prevents concurrent modifications.

So from a historical POV all of this makes sense to some extent, but
that does not prevent us to fix this and make it an two stage process
which can actually handle both worlds.

I'm way too tired to think that through, but you get the idea and you
are welcome to beat me to it.