[PATCH v2 3/4] mm: page_table_check: Make it dependent on EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM
From: Ruihan Li
Date: Mon May 15 2023 - 09:11:34 EST
Without EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM, users are allowed to map arbitrary
physical memory regions into the userspace via /dev/mem. At the same
time, pages may change their properties (e.g., from anonymous pages to
named pages) while they are still being mapped in the userspace, leading
to "corruption" detected by the page table check.
To avoid these false positives, this patch makes PAGE_TABLE_CHECK
depends on EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM. This dependency is understandable
because PAGE_TABLE_CHECK is a hardening technique but /dev/mem without
STRICT_DEVMEM (i.e., !EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM) is itself a security
Even with EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM, I/O pages may be still allowed to be
mapped via /dev/mem. However, these pages are always considered as named
pages, so they won't break the logic used in the page table check.
Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> # 5.17
Signed-off-by: Ruihan Li <lrh2000@xxxxxxxxxx>
Documentation/mm/page_table_check.rst | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
mm/Kconfig.debug | 1 +
2 files changed, 20 insertions(+)
diff --git a/Documentation/mm/page_table_check.rst b/Documentation/mm/page_table_check.rst
index cfd8f4117..c12838ce6 100644
@@ -52,3 +52,22 @@ Build kernel with:
Optionally, build kernel with PAGE_TABLE_CHECK_ENFORCED in order to have page
table support without extra kernel parameter.
+We specifically decided not to use VMA information in order to avoid relying on
+MM states (except for limited "struct page" info). The page table check is a
+separate from Linux-MM state machine that verifies that the user accessible
+pages are not falsely shared.
+PAGE_TABLE_CHECK depends on EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM. The reason is that without
+EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM, users are allowed to map arbitrary physical memory
+regions into the userspace via /dev/mem. At the same time, pages may change
+their properties (e.g., from anonymous pages to named pages) while they are
+still being mapped in the userspace, leading to "corruption" detected by the
+page table check.
+Even with EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM, I/O pages may be still allowed to be mapped via
+/dev/mem. However, these pages are always considered as named pages, so they
+won't break the logic used in the page table check.
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig.debug b/mm/Kconfig.debug
index a925415b4..018a5bd2f 100644
@@ -98,6 +98,7 @@ config PAGE_OWNER
bool "Check for invalid mappings in user page tables"
depends on ARCH_SUPPORTS_PAGE_TABLE_CHECK
+ depends on EXCLUSIVE_SYSTEM_RAM
Check that anonymous page is not being mapped twice with read write