[PATCH] nilfs2: fix possible out-of-bounds segment allocation in resize ioctl

From: Ryusuke Konishi
Date: Wed May 24 2023 - 05:44:19 EST

Syzbot reports that in its stress test for resize ioctl, the log writing
function nilfs_segctor_do_construct hits a WARN_ON in

It turned out that there is a problem with the current implementation of
the resize ioctl, which changes the writable range on the device
(the range of allocatable segments) at the end of the resize process.

This order is necessary for file system expansion to avoid corrupting
the superblock at trailing edge. However, in the case of a file system
shrink, if log writes occur after truncating out-of-bounds trailing
segments and before the resize is complete, segments may be allocated
from the truncated space.

The userspace resize tool was fine as it limits the range of allocatable
segments before performing the resize, but it can run into this issue if
the resize ioctl is called alone.

Fix this issue by changing nilfs_sufile_resize() to update the range of
allocatable segments immediately after successful truncation of segment
space in case of file system shrink.

Signed-off-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@xxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: syzbot+33494cd0df2ec2931851@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Closes: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/0000000000005434c405fbbafdc5@xxxxxxxxxx
Fixes: 4e33f9eab07e ("nilfs2: implement resize ioctl")
Tested-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
fs/nilfs2/sufile.c | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/nilfs2/sufile.c b/fs/nilfs2/sufile.c
index dc359b56fdfa..2c6078a6b8ec 100644
--- a/fs/nilfs2/sufile.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/sufile.c
@@ -779,6 +779,15 @@ int nilfs_sufile_resize(struct inode *sufile, __u64 newnsegs)
goto out_header;

sui->ncleansegs -= nsegs - newnsegs;
+ /*
+ * If the sufile is successfully truncated, immediately adjust
+ * the segment allocation space while locking the semaphore
+ * "mi_sem" so that nilfs_sufile_alloc() never allocates
+ * segments in the truncated space.
+ */
+ sui->allocmax = newnsegs - 1;
+ sui->allocmin = 0;

kaddr = kmap_atomic(header_bh->b_page);