Re: [PATCH v1 3/7] rust: sync: add `Arc::{from_raw, into_raw}`

From: Alice Ryhl
Date: Wed May 24 2023 - 07:11:36 EST

Andreas Hindborg <nmi@xxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:
> Alice Ryhl <aliceryhl@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>> + // This preserves the metadata in the pointer, if any.
>> + let metadata = core::ptr::metadata(ptr as *const ArcInner<T>);
> I can't follow this. How does this work? `ptr` was for field
> ` T`, but we are casting to `ArcInner<T>`.
>> + let ptr = (ptr as *mut u8).wrapping_sub(val_offset) as *mut ();
>> + let ptr = core::ptr::from_raw_parts_mut(ptr, metadata);
> Metadata was obtained from a pointer pointing to ``, we then
> move it back to beginning of `ArcInner<T>` and then reconstruct the
> potentially fat pointer with metadata from the pointer to `T`? How can
> this be right?

The metadata of a struct is always the metadata of its last field, so
both `*mut T` and `*mut ArcInner<T>` have the same metadata. Because of
that, moving the metadata over from one type to the other is ok.

The reason that I cast to an `ArcInner<T>` pointer before calling
`metadata` is because I get a type mismatch otherwise for the metadata,
since the compiler doesn't unify the metadata types when the type is