Re: next: i386-boot: clang-nightly: failed - intermittently - BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: 000024c0

From: Peter Zijlstra
Date: Wed May 24 2023 - 09:02:17 EST

On Wed, May 17, 2023 at 11:11:51AM -0700, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
> On Wed, May 17, 2023 at 8:21 AM Naresh Kamboju
> <naresh.kamboju@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > Linux next-20230517 build with clang nightly for i386 boot fails intermittently.
> Keyword: intermittently. That will make tracking this down fun.
> Our CI also hit a boot failure on tip/master with the same splat:
> Though the CI pulled down a SHA
> 0932447780e1f9a43bf68ef7fe3d9b41b46d58fc
> which looks weird on
> >> Notice: this object is not reachable from any branch.

Github isn't willing to show me content unless I log in or somesuch

> That this failed in -next and -tip in the same way makes me wonder if
> something affecting this is coming in via -tip? Maybe the splat looks
> familiar to x86 folks?
> I haven't been able to reproduce locally when my machine is relatively
> load-less. If I do a kernel build in the background, I was able to
> get QEMU to hang, but without any splat. That was using tip/master @
> f81d8f759e7f.
> Naresh, when you say "intermittent" do you have any data on the
> relative frequency of this boot failure? (Also, please make sure to
> use llvm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in the future; we moved mailing lists years
> ago).
> Looks like our CI report linked above has an additional splat though
> via apply_alternatives and optimize_nops.
> >> [ 0.166742] Code: Unable to access opcode bytes at 0x36.
> Peter, that smells like perhaps either:
> commit b6c881b248ef ("x86/alternative: Complicate optimize_nops() some more")
> commit 6c480f222128 ("x86/alternative: Rewrite optimize_nops() some")

So I did find me a 'funny' there, but nothing that explains boot fail.

It would think that 'PAUSE' is a 2 byte NOP and replace it with NOP2;
which is not quite the same thing. The below seems to cure that.

Let me continue poking at things...

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index 93aa95afd005..bb0a7b03e52f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -159,9 +160,12 @@ void text_poke_early(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
static bool insn_is_nop(struct insn *insn)
- if (insn->opcode.bytes[0] == 0x90)
+ /* Anything NOP, but not REP NOP. */
+ if (insn->opcode.bytes[0] == 0x90 &&
+ (!insn->prefixes.nbytes || insn->prefixes.bytes[0] != 0xF3))
return true;

+ /* NOPL */
if (insn->opcode.bytes[0] == 0x0F && insn->opcode.bytes[1] == 0x1F)
return true;