[PATCH v3 06/11] serial: sc16is7xx: fix bug when first setting GPIO direction

From: Hugo Villeneuve
Date: Thu May 25 2023 - 00:06:28 EST

From: Hugo Villeneuve <hvilleneuve@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

When we want to configure a pin as an output pin with a value of logic
0, we end up as having a value of logic 1 on the output pin. Setting a
logic 0 a second time (or more) after that will correctly output a
logic 0 on the output pin.

By default, all GPIO pins are configured as inputs. When we enter
c16is7xx_gpio_direction_output() for the first time, we first set the
desired value in IOSTATE, and then we configure the pin as an output.
The datasheet states that writing to IOSTATE register will trigger a
transfer of the value to the I/O pin configured as output, so if the
pin is configured as an input, nothing will be transferred.

Therefore, set the direction first in IODIR, and then set the desired
value in IOSTATE.

This is what is done in NXP application note AN10587.

Fixes: dfeae619d781 ("serial: sc16is7xx")
Signed-off-by: Hugo Villeneuve <hvilleneuve@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c | 11 ++++++++++-
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c b/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
index 8a2fc6f89d36..a5d8af0f6da0 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
@@ -1343,9 +1343,18 @@ static int sc16is7xx_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *chip,
state |= BIT(offset);
state &= ~BIT(offset);
- sc16is7xx_port_write(port, SC16IS7XX_IOSTATE_REG, state);
+ /*
+ * If we write IOSTATE first, and then IODIR, the output value is not
+ * transferred to the corresponding I/O pin.
+ * The datasheet states that each register bit will be transferred to
+ * the corresponding I/O pin programmed as output when writing to
+ * IOSTATE. Therefore, configure direction first with IODIR, and then
+ * set value after with IOSTATE.
+ */
sc16is7xx_port_update(port, SC16IS7XX_IODIR_REG, BIT(offset),
+ sc16is7xx_port_write(port, SC16IS7XX_IOSTATE_REG, state);

return 0;