Re: [PATCH v2 1/6] fs: split off vfs_getdents function of getdents64 syscall

From: Christian Brauner
Date: Thu May 25 2023 - 08:33:58 EST

On Thu, May 25, 2023 at 08:00:02PM +0900, Dominique Martinet wrote:
> Christian Brauner wrote on Thu, May 25, 2023 at 11:22:08AM +0200:
> > > What was confusing is that default_llseek updates f_pos under the
> > > inode_lock (write), and getdents also takes that lock (for read only in
> > > shared implem), so I assumed getdents also was just protected by this
> > > read lock, but I guess that was a bad assumption (as I kept pointing
> > > out, a shared read lock isn't good enough, we definitely agree there)
> > >
> > >
> > > In practice, in the non-registered file case io_uring is also calling
> > > fdget, so the lock is held exactly the same as the syscall and I wasn't
> >
> > No, it really isn't. fdget() doesn't take f_pos_lock at all:
> >
> > fdget()
> > -> __fdget()
> > -> __fget_light()
> > -> __fget()
> > -> __fget_files()
> > -> __fget_files_rcu()
> Ugh, I managed to not notice that I was looking at fdget_pos and that
> it's not the same as fdget by the time I wrote two paragraphs... These
> functions all have too many wrappers and too similar names for a quick
> look before work.
> > If that were true then any system call that passes an fd and uses
> > fdget() would try to acquire a mutex on f_pos_lock. We'd be serializing
> > every *at based system call on f_pos_lock whenever we have multiple fds
> > referring to the same file trying to operate on it concurrently.
> >
> > We do have fdget_pos() and fdput_pos() as a special purpose fdget() for
> > a select group of system calls that require this synchronization.
> Right, that makes sense, and invalidates everything I said after that
> anyway but it's not like looking stupid ever killed anyone.

I strongly disagree with the looking stupid part. These callchains are
quite unwieldy and it's easy to get confused. Usually if you receive a
long mail about the semantics involved - as in the earlier thread - it
means there's landmines all over.

> Ok so it would require adding a new wrapper from struct file to struct
> fd that'd eventually take the lock and set FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK for... not
> fdput_pos but another function for that stopping short of fdput...
> Then just call that around both vfs_llseek and vfs_getdents calls; which
> is the easy part.
> (Or possibly call mutex_lock directly like Dylan did in [1]...)
> [1]

We'd need a consistent story whatever it ends up being.

> I'll be honest though I'm thankful for your explanations but I think
> I'll just do like Stefan and stop trying for now: the only reason I've
> started this was because I wanted to play with io_uring for a new toy
> project and it felt awkward without a getdents for crawling a tree; and
> I'm long past the point where I should have thrown the towel and just
> make that a sequential walk.
> There's too many "conditional patches" (NOWAIT, end of dir indicator)
> that I don't care about and require additional work to rebase
> continuously so I'll just leave it up to someone else who does care.
> So to that someone: feel free to continue from these branches (I've
> included the fix for kernfs_fop_readdir that Dan Carpenter reported):
> Or just start over, there's not that much code now hopefully the
> baseline requirements have gotten a little bit clearer.
> Sorry for stirring the mess and leaving halfway, if nobody does continue
> I might send a v3 when I have more time/energy in a few months, but it
> won't be quick.

It's fine.