[PATCH v14 032/113] KVM: x86/mmu: Allow non-zero value for non-present SPTE and removed SPTE

From: isaku . yamahata
Date: Mon May 29 2023 - 00:23:53 EST

From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@xxxxxxxxx>

For TD guest, the current way to emulate MMIO doesn't work any more, as KVM
is not able to access the private memory of TD guest and do the emulation.
Instead, TD guest expects to receive #VE when it accesses the MMIO and then
it can explicitly make hypercall to KVM to get the expected information.

To achieve this, the TDX module always enables "EPT-violation #VE" in the
VMCS control. And accordingly, for the MMIO spte for the shared GPA,
1. KVM needs to set "suppress #VE" bit for the non-present SPTE so that EPT
violation happens on TD accessing MMIO range. 2. On EPT violation, KVM
sets the MMIO spte to clear "suppress #VE" bit so the TD guest can receive
the #VE instead of EPT misconfigration unlike VMX case. For the shared GPA
that is not populated yet, EPT violation need to be triggered when TD guest
accesses such shared GPA. The non-present SPTE value for shared GPA should
set "suppress #VE" bit.

Add "suppress #VE" bit (bit 63) to SHADOW_NONPRESENT_VALUE and
REMOVED_SPTE. Unconditionally set the "suppress #VE" bit (which is bit 63)
for both AMD and Intel as: 1) AMD hardware doesn't use this bit when
present bit is off; 2) for normal VMX guest, KVM never enables the
"EPT-violation #VE" in VMCS control and "suppress #VE" bit is ignored by

Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Isaku Yamahata <isaku.yamahata@xxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spte.h | 15 ++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spte.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spte.h
index a99eb7d4ae5d..a57667810344 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spte.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spte.h
@@ -148,7 +148,20 @@ static_assert(MMIO_SPTE_GEN_LOW_BITS == 8 && MMIO_SPTE_GEN_HIGH_BITS == 11);


+ * Non-present SPTE value for both VMX and SVM for TDP MMU.
+ * For SVM NPT, for non-present spte (bit 0 = 0), other bits are ignored.
+ * For VMX EPT, bit 63 is ignored if #VE is disabled. (EPT_VIOLATION_VE=0)
+ * bit 63 is #VE suppress if #VE is enabled. (EPT_VIOLATION_VE=1)
+ * For TDX:
+ * TDX module sets EPT_VIOLATION_VE for Secure-EPT and conventional EPT
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64

extern u64 __read_mostly shadow_host_writable_mask;
extern u64 __read_mostly shadow_mmu_writable_mask;
@@ -195,7 +208,7 @@ extern u64 __read_mostly shadow_nonpresent_or_rsvd_mask;
* Only used by the TDP MMU.
-#define REMOVED_SPTE 0x5a0ULL

/* Removed SPTEs must not be misconstrued as shadow present PTEs. */