[PATCH v8 0/2] Enable multiple MCAN on AM62x

From: Judith Mendez
Date: Tue May 30 2023 - 18:48:58 EST

On AM62x there are two MCANs in MCU domain. The MCANs in MCU domain
were not enabled since there is no hardware interrupt routed to A53
GIC interrupt controller. Therefore A53 Linux cannot be interrupted

This solution instantiates a hrtimer with 1 ms polling interval
for MCAN device when there is no hardware interrupt property in
DTB MCAN node. The hrtimer generates a recurring software interrupt
which allows to call the isr. The isr will check if there is pending
transaction by reading a register and proceed normally if there is.
MCANs with hardware interrupt routed to A53 Linux will continue to
use the hardware interrupt as expected.

Timer polling method was tested on both classic CAN and CAN-FD
at 125 KBPS, 250 KBPS, 1 MBPS and 2.5 MBPS with 4 MBPS bitrate

Letency and CPU load benchmarks were tested on 3x MCAN on AM62x.
1 MBPS timer polling interval is the better timer polling interval
since it has comparable latency to hardware interrupt with the worse
case being 1ms + CAN frame propagation time and CPU load is not
substantial. Latency can be improved further with less than 1 ms
polling intervals, howerver it is at the cost of CPU usage since CPU
load increases at 0.5 ms.

Note that in terms of power, enabling MCU MCANs with timer-polling
implementation might have negative impact since we will have to wake
up every 1 ms whether there are CAN packets pending in the RX FIFO or
not. This might prevent the CPU from entering into deeper idle states
for extended periods of time.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/20230523023749.4526-1-jm@xxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/20230518193613.15185-1-jm@xxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/20230510202952.27111-1-jm@xxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/c3395692-7dbf-19b2-bd3f-31ba86fa4ac9@xxxxxxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/20230424195402.516-1-jm@xxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/19d8ae7f-7b74-a869-a818-93b74d106709@xxxxxx/T/#t

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-can/52a37e51-4143-9017-42ee-8d17c67028e3@xxxxxx/T/#t

- Cancel hrtimer after interrupts in m_can_stop
- Move assignment of hrtimer_callback to m_can_class_register()
- Initialize irq = 0 if polling mode is used

- Clean up m_can_platform.c after removing poll-interval

- Move hrtimer stop/start function calls to m_can_open and m_can_close to
support power suspend/resume

- Remove poll-interval in bindings
- Change dev_dbg to dev_info if hardware int exists and polling
is enabled

- Wrong patches sent

- Update binding poll-interval description
- Add oneOf to select either interrupts/798d276b39e984345d52b933a900a71fa0815928
- Add poll-interval property to bindings and MCAN DTB node
- Add functionality to check for 'poll-interval' property in MCAN node
- Bindings: add an example using poll-interval
- Add 'polling' flag in driver to check if device is using polling method
- Check for timer polling and hardware interrupt cases, default to
hardware interrupt method
- Change ns_to_ktime() to ms_to_ktime()

Judith Mendez (2):
dt-bindings: net: can: Remove interrupt properties for MCAN
can: m_can: Add hrtimer to generate software interrupt

.../bindings/net/can/bosch,m_can.yaml | 20 +++++++++--
drivers/net/can/m_can/m_can.c | 34 +++++++++++++++++--
drivers/net/can/m_can/m_can.h | 3 ++
drivers/net/can/m_can/m_can_platform.c | 24 +++++++++++--
4 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

base-commit: 798d276b39e984345d52b933a900a71fa0815928