Re: [RFC PATCH v4 01/28] x86: Documentation for AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME)
From: Borislav Petkov
Date: Thu Feb 16 2017 - 12:56:58 EST
Ok, this time detailed review :-)
On Thu, Feb 16, 2017 at 09:42:11AM -0600, Tom Lendacky wrote:
> This patch adds a Documenation entry to decribe the AMD Secure Memory
> Encryption (SME) feature.
Please introduce a spellchecker into your patch creation workflow. I see
two typos in one line.
Also, never start patch commit messages with "This patch" - we know it
is this patch. Always write a doer-sentences explaining the why, not the
what. Something like:
"Add a SME and mem_encrypt= kernel parameter documentation."
> Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@xxxxxxx>
> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 11 ++++
> Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> index 110745e..91c40fa 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> @@ -2145,6 +2145,17 @@
> memory contents and reserves bad memory
> regions that are detected.
> + mem_encrypt= [X86-64] AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) control
> + Valid arguments: on, off
> + Default (depends on kernel configuration option):
> + on (CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_ACTIVE_BY_DEFAULT=y)
> + off (CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_ACTIVE_BY_DEFAULT=n)
> + mem_encrypt=on: Activate SME
> + mem_encrypt=off: Do not activate SME
> + Refer to the SME documentation for details on when
"Refer to Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt .."
> + memory encryption can be activated.
> mem_sleep_default= [SUSPEND] Default system suspend mode:
> s2idle - Suspend-To-Idle
> shallow - Power-On Suspend or equivalent (if supported)
> diff --git a/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0938e89
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
> +Secure Memory Encryption (SME) is a feature found on AMD processors.
> +SME provides the ability to mark individual pages of memory as encrypted using
> +the standard x86 page tables. A page that is marked encrypted will be
> +automatically decrypted when read from DRAM and encrypted when written to
> +DRAM. SME can therefore be used to protect the contents of DRAM from physical
> +attacks on the system.
> +A page is encrypted when a page table entry has the encryption bit set (see
> +below how to determine the position of the bit). The encryption bit can be
"... how to determine its position)."
> +specified in the cr3 register, allowing the PGD table to be encrypted. Each
> +successive level of page tables can also be encrypted.
> +Support for SME can be determined through the CPUID instruction. The CPUID
> +function 0x8000001f reports information related to SME:
> + 0x8000001f[eax]:
> + Bit indicates support for SME
> + 0x8000001f[ebx]:
> + Bit[5:0] pagetable bit number used to activate memory
> + encryption
> + Bit[11:6] reduction in physical address space, in bits, when
> + memory encryption is enabled (this only affects system
> + physical addresses, not guest physical addresses)
> +If support for SME is present, MSR 0xc00100010 (SYS_CFG) can be used to
Let's use the kernel's define name MSR_K8_SYSCFG to avoid ambiguity.
> +determine if SME is enabled and/or to enable memory encryption:
> + 0xc0010010:
> + Bit 0 = memory encryption features are disabled
> + 1 = memory encryption features are enabled
> +Linux relies on BIOS to set this bit if BIOS has determined that the reduction
> +in the physical address space as a result of enabling memory encryption (see
> +CPUID information above) will not conflict with the address space resource
> +requirements for the system. If this bit is not set upon Linux startup then
> +Linux itself will not set it and memory encryption will not be possible.
> +The state of SME in the Linux kernel can be documented as follows:
> + - Supported:
> + The CPU supports SME (determined through CPUID instruction).
> + - Enabled:
> + Supported and bit 23 of the SYS_CFG MSR is set.
> + - Active:
> + Supported, Enabled and the Linux kernel is actively applying
> + the encryption bit to page table entries (the SME mask in the
> + kernel is non-zero).
> +SME can also be enabled and activated in the BIOS. If SME is enabled and
> +activated in the BIOS, then all memory accesses will be encrypted and it will
> +not be necessary to activate the Linux memory encryption support. If the BIOS
> +merely enables SME (sets bit 23 of the SYS_CFG MSR), then Linux can activate
> +memory encryption.
"... This is done by supplying mem_encrypt=on on the kernel command line.
Alternatively, if the kernel should enable SME by default, set
> However, if BIOS does not enable SME, then Linux will not
> +attempt to activate memory encryption, even if configured to do so by default
will not attempt or will not be able to?
> +or the mem_encrypt=on command line parameter is specified.
Good mailing practices for 400: avoid top-posting and trim the reply.