Re: [PATCH] workqueue: Ensure that cpumask set for pools created after boot

From: Tejun Heo
Date: Tue May 23 2017 - 15:49:58 EST

Hello, Michael.

On Tue, May 23, 2017 at 02:44:23PM -0500, Michael Bringmann wrote:
> On 05/16/2017 10:55 AM, Tejun Heo wrote:
> > Hello, Michael.
> >
> > On Mon, May 15, 2017 at 10:48:04AM -0500, Michael Bringmann wrote:
> >>>> --- a/kernel/workqueue.c
> >>>> +++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
> >>>> @@ -3366,6 +3366,8 @@ static struct worker_pool *get_unbound_pool(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs)
> >>>> copy_workqueue_attrs(pool->attrs, attrs);
> >>>> pool->node = target_node;
> >>>>
> >>>> + cpumask_copy(pool->attrs->cpumask, cpumask_of(smp_processor_id()));
> >>>
> >>> What prevents a cpu getting added right here tho?
> >>
> >> PowerPC has only one control path to add/remove CPUs via DLPAR operations.
> >> Even so, the underlying code is protected through multiple locks.
> >
> > The more I look at the patch, the less sense it seems to make. So,
> > whenever we create a new pool, we ignore the requested cpumask and
> > override it with the cpumask of the current thread?
> No. As I mentioned previously, the operation/problem occurs within a DLPAR
> hotplug add/remove operation. This is happening to a node which previously

But that's what the code is doing. Whenever it creates a new unbound
pool, it ends up ignoring the requested cpumask and overwrites it with
the cpumask containing self.

> did not have any CPUs associated to it -- we are trying to add more resources
> to an LPAR / partition. At this point, the cpumask for the node is empty / zero.
> Sorry for not being more clear on this point earlier.
> > A new unbound workqueue and thus unbound pool can also be created from
> > paths outside cpu hotplug, so get_unbound_pool() can race against
> > hotplug. Can you please explain the failures that you see in more
> > detail? I'm sure your patch works around the issue somehow but it
> > doesn't look like the right fix.
> We fill in an empty cpumask field with a guaranteed non-empty value.
> I verified that the incoming cpumask in the attrs was zero at this point
> preceding the failure. If we proceed without putting in a useful value,
> we go to 'wake_up_process()' (kernel/sched/core.c) next to wakeup the new
> worker for the new unbound pool. While there, the code runs through
> 'select_task_rq()' and invokes cpumask_any() on a copy of the cpumask.
> Unfortunately, running that function over an empty/non-initialized cpumask
> returns an index beyond the end of the list, resulting shortly thereafter
> in an instruction/data fetch exception.
> If you have a suggestion for an alternate non-empty value to use, I would
> be happy to try it.

Can you please post the backtrace of the problematic worker pool being
created (WARN_ON empty cpumask while creating a new pool)?