Re: [PATCH v5 0/4] Raspberry Pi 4 DMA addressing support

From: Matthias Brugger
Date: Tue Sep 10 2019 - 05:27:11 EST

On 09/09/2019 21:33, Stefan Wahren wrote:
> Hi Nicolas,
> Am 09.09.19 um 11:58 schrieb Nicolas Saenz Julienne:
>> Hi all,
>> this series attempts to address some issues we found while bringing up
>> the new Raspberry Pi 4 in arm64 and it's intended to serve as a follow
>> up of these discussions:
>> v4:
>> v3:
>> v2:
>> v1:
>> RFC:
>> The new Raspberry Pi 4 has up to 4GB of memory but most peripherals can
>> only address the first GB: their DMA address range is
>> 0xc0000000-0xfc000000 which is aliased to the first GB of physical
>> memory 0x00000000-0x3c000000. Note that only some peripherals have these
>> limitations: the PCIe, V3D, GENET, and 40-bit DMA channels have a wider
>> view of the address space by virtue of being hooked up trough a second
>> interconnect.
>> Part of this is solved on arm32 by setting up the machine specific
>> '.dma_zone_size = SZ_1G', which takes care of reserving the coherent
>> memory area at the right spot. That said no buffer bouncing (needed for
>> dma streaming) is available at the moment, but that's a story for
>> another series.
>> Unfortunately there is no such thing as 'dma_zone_size' in arm64. Only
>> ZONE_DMA32 is created which is interpreted by dma-direct and the arm64
>> arch code as if all peripherals where be able to address the first 4GB
>> of memory.
>> In the light of this, the series implements the following changes:
>> - Create both DMA zones in arm64, ZONE_DMA will contain the first 1G
>> area and ZONE_DMA32 the rest of the 32 bit addressable memory. So far
>> the RPi4 is the only arm64 device with such DMA addressing limitations
>> so this hardcoded solution was deemed preferable.
>> - Properly set ARCH_ZONE_DMA_BITS.
>> - Reserve the CMA area in a place suitable for all peripherals.
>> This series has been tested on multiple devices both by checking the
>> zones setup matches the expectations and by double-checking physical
>> addresses on pages allocated on the three relevant areas GFP_DMA,
>> - On an RPi4 with variations on the ram memory size. But also forcing
>> the situation where all three memory zones are nonempty by setting a 3G
>> ZONE_DMA32 ceiling on a 4G setup. Both with and without NUMA support.
> i like to test this series on Raspberry Pi 4 and i have some questions
> to get arm64 running:
> Do you use U-Boot? Which tree?

If you want to use U-Boot, try v2019.10-rc4, it should have everything you need
to boot your kernel.


> Are there any config.txt tweaks necessary?