Re: [PATCH v5 0/4] Raspberry Pi 4 DMA addressing support
From: Matthias Brugger
Date: Thu Sep 12 2019 - 13:18:38 EST
On 10/09/2019 11:27, Matthias Brugger wrote:
> On 09/09/2019 21:33, Stefan Wahren wrote:
>> Hi Nicolas,
>> Am 09.09.19 um 11:58 schrieb Nicolas Saenz Julienne:
>>> Hi all,
>>> this series attempts to address some issues we found while bringing up
>>> the new Raspberry Pi 4 in arm64 and it's intended to serve as a follow
>>> up of these discussions:
>>> v4: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/9/6/352
>>> v3: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/9/2/589
>>> v2: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/20/767
>>> v1: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/7/31/922
>>> RFC: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/7/17/476
>>> The new Raspberry Pi 4 has up to 4GB of memory but most peripherals can
>>> only address the first GB: their DMA address range is
>>> 0xc0000000-0xfc000000 which is aliased to the first GB of physical
>>> memory 0x00000000-0x3c000000. Note that only some peripherals have these
>>> limitations: the PCIe, V3D, GENET, and 40-bit DMA channels have a wider
>>> view of the address space by virtue of being hooked up trough a second
>>> Part of this is solved on arm32 by setting up the machine specific
>>> '.dma_zone_size = SZ_1G', which takes care of reserving the coherent
>>> memory area at the right spot. That said no buffer bouncing (needed for
>>> dma streaming) is available at the moment, but that's a story for
>>> another series.
>>> Unfortunately there is no such thing as 'dma_zone_size' in arm64. Only
>>> ZONE_DMA32 is created which is interpreted by dma-direct and the arm64
>>> arch code as if all peripherals where be able to address the first 4GB
>>> of memory.
>>> In the light of this, the series implements the following changes:
>>> - Create both DMA zones in arm64, ZONE_DMA will contain the first 1G
>>> area and ZONE_DMA32 the rest of the 32 bit addressable memory. So far
>>> the RPi4 is the only arm64 device with such DMA addressing limitations
>>> so this hardcoded solution was deemed preferable.
>>> - Properly set ARCH_ZONE_DMA_BITS.
>>> - Reserve the CMA area in a place suitable for all peripherals.
>>> This series has been tested on multiple devices both by checking the
>>> zones setup matches the expectations and by double-checking physical
>>> addresses on pages allocated on the three relevant areas GFP_DMA,
>>> GFP_DMA32, GFP_KERNEL:
>>> - On an RPi4 with variations on the ram memory size. But also forcing
>>> the situation where all three memory zones are nonempty by setting a 3G
>>> ZONE_DMA32 ceiling on a 4G setup. Both with and without NUMA support.
>> i like to test this series on Raspberry Pi 4 and i have some questions
>> to get arm64 running:
>> Do you use U-Boot? Which tree?
> If you want to use U-Boot, try v2019.10-rc4, it should have everything you need
> to boot your kernel.
Ok, here is a thing. In the linux kernel we now use bcm2711 as SoC name, but the
RPi4 devicetree provided by the FW uses mostly bcm2838. U-Boot in its default
config uses the devicetree provided by the FW, mostly because this way you don't
have to do anything to find out how many RAM you really have. Secondly because
this will allow us, in the near future, to have one U-boot binary for both RPi3
and RPi4 (and as a side effect one binary for RPi1 and RPi2).
Anyway, I found at least, that the following compatibles need to be added:
Without at least the cprman driver update, you won't see anything.
"brcm,bcm2838-rng200" is also a candidate.
I also suppose we will need to add "brcm,bcm2838" to
arch/arm/mach-bcm/bcm2711.c, but I haven't verified this.
>> Are there any config.txt tweaks necessary?
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